Megareus of Onchestus

In Greek mythology, Megareus (Ancient Greek: Μεγαρέας) or Megarus (Μεγαρέως) was king of Onchestus in Boeotia. Pausanias wrote that he was king of Megara.

FamilyEdit

Megareus was either son of Poseidon and Oenope, daughter of Epopeus,[1] or of Onchestus (eponym of their kingdom),[2] or of Apollo or of Aegeus,[3] or of Hippomenes.[4]

MythologyEdit

Megareus came with his army to the assistance of Nisos, husband of his sister Abrota,[2] against Minos. In one version, he died in the battle, and the city of Nisa (Nisos' domain) was renamed Megara in his honor;[4][5] in another, he married Iphinoe, daughter of Nisos, and succeeded to his father-in-law's power over Megara.[6] His children by Iphinoe were Evippus, Timalcus, and Evaechme; he also had a son Hippomenes by Merope.[7] With the aid of the god Apollo, Alcathous killed the Cithaeronian lion, for which Megareus gave him his daughter Euaechme as wife. He subsequently made Alcathous his successor, because his own sons did not outlive him: Evippus was killed by the lion, and Timalcus was slain by Theseus, having joined the Dioscuri in the campaign against him.[8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 157
  2. ^ a b Plutarch, Quaestiones Graecae 16
  3. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Megara
  4. ^ a b Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.15.8
  5. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.39.5
  6. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.39.6 & 1.41.5
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 185
  8. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.41.3

ReferencesEdit