Medeni Berk (1913–1994) was a Turkish banker and politician who held several cabinet posts from 1957 to 1960 in the cabinets led by Prime Minister Adnan Menderes.

Medeni Berk
  • Minister of State
  • Deputy Prime Minister
In office
1959 – 27 May 1960
Prime MinisterAdnan Menderes
Minister of Public Works
In office
Prime MinisterAdnan Menderes
Personal details
Medina, Ottoman Empire
Died16 March 1994 (aged 80–81)
İstanbul, Turkey
Resting placeEdirnekapı cemetery, İstanbul
Political partyDemocrat Party
Alma materMarmara University

Early life and education


He was born in Medina, Ottoman Arabia, in 1913 when his father was serving there as a military officer in the Ottoman Army.[1] His parents were from Aksaray.[1]

He completed his primary and secondary education in İzmir.[1] He attended a high school in Istanbul and then graduated from the business and commerce school, precursor of Marmara University, in 1936.[1]

Career and activities


Following his graduation Berk worked as an inspector at the state-owned Ziraat Bank where he also served as general director.[2] He became the general director of a cooperation, Tariş, in 1950.[2] Next year, he was appointed general director of another state-owned finance institution, Turkish Real Estate Credit Bank.[2]

Berk's political career began in 1957 when he was elected as a deputy from Niğde for the ruling Democrat Party in the by-elections.[2] He was part of the progressive group within the party along with President Celâl Bayar and Refik Koraltan.[3] Berk was appointed minister of public works in 1957 which he held until 1959.[2] Next, he was named as the minister of state and deputy prime minister in 1959 and was in office until 27 May 1960 when the Menderes government was overthrown through a military coup.[2]

Berk was very influential in the resignation of Vehbi Koç, a leading businessman, from the Republican People's Party.[4] In January 1959 while serving as minister of public work Berk told Koç that if he would not join the Democrat Party, it would be very difficult for him to take out a loan from the state banks.[4][5] Koç left the Republican People's Party on 10 March 1960, but did not join the Democrat Party.[5]

Berk was one of the Democrat Party politicians who served as the president of Fenerbahçe S.K. during the rule of the Democratic Party from 1950 to 1960.[6] His term was between 1959 and 27 May 1960.[1]

Arrest and later years


Berk was arrested immediately after the coup and tried by the Supreme Court of Justice in Yassıada.[2] He was sentenced to life imprisonment.[2] However, he was released from prison in 1964 when an amnesty was granted.[2] Berk was a board member of the private bank Akbank and later served as its general director.[2] He was also the chairman of the Turkish Union of Chambers of Commerce and Industry between 5 January 1970 and 30 May 1971.[2]

Personal life and death


Berk married twice and had a daughter from his first marriage.[1] He died in İstanbul on 16 March 1994 and was buried at Edirnekapı cemetery.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Tuğrul Korkmaz (15 March 2021). "Medeni Berk". e-Aksaray Ansiklopedisi (in Turkish).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Medeni Berk" (in Turkish). Biyografya. Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  3. ^ Yüksel Taşkın (2012). "The Conservative Populist Misrepresentation of Turgut Özal: Seeking Legitimacy for the Conservative Elite". International Journal of Turkish Studies. 18 (1–2): 76. ProQuest 1346922380.
  4. ^ a b Can Dündar (9 April 2011). "Başbakan'ın Koç'larla arasının açık olduğu malum... "Sakallı-bıyıklı adam çalıştırmam" sözü nedeniyle..." Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 10 April 2023. The author reports this incident based on a book about Vehbi Koç entitled Özel Arşivinden Belgeler ve Anılarıyla Vehbi Koç (Turkish: Vehbi Koç with Documents and Memories from his Private Archive) (2006), pp, 240-241.
  5. ^ a b Gökhan Cebeci (27 May 2015). "27 Mayıs neden oldu". OdaTV (in Turkish). Retrieved 10 April 2023.
  6. ^ A. Kadir Yıldırım (2017). "Patronage and industrial football: explaining the de-politicization of Turkish soccer fandom". Soccer & Society. 20 (2): 7. doi:10.1080/14660970.2017.1302932. S2CID 151477675.