A meat tax is a tax levied on meat and/or other animal products to help cover the health and environmental costs that result from using animals for food. Livestock is known to significantly contribute to global warming, and to negatively impact global nitrogen cycles and biodiversity.
The term meat tax can be used interchangably with slaughter tax or carcass tax. The latter also highlights how the tax might be administered - including on the import of frozen carcasses. 'Slaughter tax' and 'carcass tax' are terms that are considered to make such a change in food taxation more popular with the general public.
Support and oppositionEdit
Adam Briggs from the University of Oxford conducted a study that concluded that putting a carbon tax on "high emission" foods (i.e. foods which have a high carbon footprint) such as meat could be a positive for both the planet and the health of U.K. consumers.
Marco Springmann, from the Oxford University's Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food also proposed a tax on meat and dairy.
Besides environmental concerns, health and humanitarian concerns have also acted as impetus for some proponents of meat tax. PETA has been calling for a tax on meat citing the negative effects of meat consumption on human health, the contribution of meat industry to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and the stressful and inhumane conditions under which animals are reared and slaughtered in factory farms.
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency mentions a meat tax as an instrument to achieve a reduction in meat consumption 
Some opponents[who?] to meat taxation consider it regressive and authoritarian, or doubt some of the health and economic claims, or do not feel it is properly inclusive of total costs over the long term.
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- Damian Carrington (November 7, 2016). "Tax meat and dairy to cut emissions and save lives, study urges". The Guardian.
- Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Mesrine, Sylvie; Pierre, Fabrice (2017). "Meat Consumption and Health Outcomes". In Mariotti, François (ed.). Vegetarian and Plant-Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention. pp. 197–214. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803968-7.00012-5. ISBN 978-0-12-803968-7.
- Cordts, Anette; Nitzko, Sina; Spiller, Achim (2014). "Consumer Response to Negative Information on Meat Consumption in Germany" (PDF). International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. 17 (A): 83–106.
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- https://www.naturvardsverket.se/Documents/publikationer6400/978-91-620-6795-3.pdf[dead link]
- Bourne, Ryan (2018-11-12). "Against A Highly Regressive "Meat Tax"". Cato Institute. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "A meat tax is a rotten, regressive idea". Washington Examiner. 2018-12-19. Retrieved 2019-02-12.