McClure's or McClure's Magazine (1893–1929) was an American illustrated monthly periodical popular at the turn of the 20th century. The magazine is credited with having started the tradition of muckraking journalism (investigative, watchdog, or reform journalism), and helped direct the moral compass of the day.
Cover of January 1901 issue
|Categories||Muckraking, Political, Literary (1893–1911)|
|Publisher||S. S. McClure (1893–1911)|
|Founder||S. S. McClure and John Sanborn Phillips|
|First issue||June 1893|
|Final issue||March 1929|
|Based in||New York City, New York, U.S.|
Founded by S. S. McClure (1857–1949) and John Sanborn Phillips (1861–1949), who had been classmates at Knox College, in June 1893. Phillips put up the $7,300 needed to launch the magazine. The magazine featured both political and literary content, publishing serialized novels-in-progress, a chapter at a time. In this way, McClure's published such writers as Willa Cather, Arthur Conan Doyle, Herminie T. Kavanagh, Rudyard Kipling, Jack London, Lincoln Steffens, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Mark Twain.
Examples of its work include Ida Tarbell's series in 1902 exposing the monopoly abuses of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company, and Ray Stannard Baker's earlier look at the United States Steel Corporation, which focused the public eye on the conduct of corporations. From January 1907 to June 1908, McClure's published the first detailed history of Christian Science and the story of its founder, Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910) in 14 installments. The articles were later published in book form as The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy and the History of Christian Science (1909).
In 1906, the writing staff defected over disputes with McClure and formed The American Magazine. McClure's began to lose readers and went into debt. S. S. McClure was forced to sell the magazine to creditors in 1911. It was re-styled as a women's magazine and ran inconsistently in this format, with publication from October 1921 to February 1922, September 1924 and April 1925, and February to May 1926. The later issues, from July 1928 until March 1929, were published under the name New McClure's Magazine. The last issue was in March 1929, after which the magazine was taken over by The Smart Set. In 1916 the magazine published an Automobile Year Book (First McClure Automobile Year Book) with the specifications and pictures of over 100 different major producers of passenger and commercial vehicles.
- J. M. Barrie
- Stephen Crane
- Arthur Conan Doyle
- Burton J. Hendrick
- Herminie T. Kavanagh
- Rudyard Kipling
- Bruno Lessing
- Jack London
- Frank Norris
- Emmeline Pankhurst
- Marjorie Pickthall During the 1900s and 1910s the Anglo-Canadian poet, story writer and essayist was a regular contributor.
- Robert Louis Stevenson
- Mark Twain
- Tassin, Algernon (December 1915). "The Magazine In America, Part X: The End Of The Century". The Bookman. XLII (4): 398–404.
- Fang, Irving (1997). A history of mass communication (PDF). Focal Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-240-80254-3. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
- Greg Gross (1997), The Staff Breakup of McClure's Magazine, chapter 2. Archived 2008-07-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Hakim, Joy (1994). A History of US: An Age of Extremes, 1880–1917. Oxford University Press. pp. 126–127.
- Larry Sabato; Howard R. Ernst (14 May 2014). Encyclopedia of American Political Parties and Elections. Infobase Publishing. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-4381-0994-7. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- McCully, Emily Arnold (2014). Ida M. Tarbell : the woman who challenged big business-- and won!. Boston: Clarion Books. pp. 87–101. ISBN 9780547290928. OCLC 816499010.
- McClure's, December 1906; Milmine, January 1907 – June 1908, 14 articles.
- Stouck, David. "Introduction," in Willa Cather and Georgine Milmine. The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy and the History of Christian Science. University of Nebraska Press, 1993.
- To read the 1909 edition, see here.
- Union List of Serials ... 3rd Edition. New York, H. W. Wilson, 1965. p.3003.
- First McClure Automobile Year Book. New York: The McClure Publications, Inc. 1916.
- Barbara Godard. "Marjorie Pickthall". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to McClure's Magazine.|
- "The Staff Breakup of McClure's Magazine"
- Advertisements in McClure's Magazine 1920s
- McClure's Magazine at Project Gutenberg, filed under Various (plain text and HTML)
- McClure's Magazine at Internet Archive, misc. volumes (scanned books original editions color illustrated)
- McClure's Magazine at Hathi Trust, misc. volumes (scanned books original editions)
- McClure's Magazine at Google Books, misc. volumes (scanned books original editions)
- McClure’s Magazine editions up to 1913
- McClure's Magazine at The Modernist Journals Project: 117 cover-to-cover, searchable issues from February 1900 (issue 14.2) through December 1910 (issue 36.2) that include original wrappers, contents pages, and advertising. PDFs of these issues may be downloaded for free from the MJP website.