Mazor (Hebrew: מָזוֹר‎, lit. Cure) is a moshav in central Israel. Located in the Sharon plain around three kilometres south-east of Petah Tikva and covering 2,300 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 1,331.[1]

Mazor
מָזוֹר
Mazor.JPG
Mazor is located in Central Israel
Mazor
Mazor
Mazor is located in Israel
Mazor
Mazor
Coordinates: 32°3′9″N 34°55′33.95″E / 32.05250°N 34.9260972°E / 32.05250; 34.9260972Coordinates: 32°3′9″N 34°55′33.95″E / 32.05250°N 34.9260972°E / 32.05250; 34.9260972
CountryIsrael
DistrictCentral
CouncilHevel Modi'in
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1949
Founded byJewish immigrants from Czechoslovakia and Hungary and native Jewish Israelis
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,331
Columbarium in Mazor mausoleum

HistoryEdit

The moshav was established in 1949 by Jewish immigrants from Czechoslovakia and Hungary and by native-born Israelis. It was initially named Mizra Har (Hebrew: מזרע הר‎, lit. Sown Field on a Mountain), a name derived from the name of the nearby depopulated Arab village of Umm-Zara, more commonly known as al-Muzayri'a. The moshav was later renamed Mazor, Hebrew for Remedy, in honor of the medicinal herb factory established there[2] by the herbalist Mordechai Klein.[3] Mazor's early days form the subject of a work of historical fiction, Kfar BaSfar ("A Village on the Border") by Gershon Erich Steiner, one of Mazor's founders.[4]

Mazor was founded on land belonging both to the depopulated Palestinian village of Rantiya,[5] and the western land belonging to al-Muzayri'a.[6]

To the east of the moshav is an archaeological site, which includes a 3rd Century Roman mausoleum. The mausoleum is the only Roman era building in Israel to still stand from its foundations to its roof. A Byzantine-era mosaic floor was found not far from the mausoleum.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ [1] history page on the Mazor website
  3. ^ [2] Heb. article, "In the Grind of Medicinal Herbs", Davar 08.08.52., p.2.
  4. ^ About Mazor Homee
  5. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All that Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington DC: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 252. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  6. ^ Khalidi, p399