Mayor of St. Louis

The mayor of St. Louis is the chief executive officer of St. Louis's city government. The mayor has a duty to enforce city ordinances and the power to either approve or veto city ordinances passed by the Board of Aldermen.[2] The current mayor is Tishaura Jones, who took office on April 20, 2021.

Mayor of St. Louis
Flag of St. Louis, Missouri.svg
Tishaura Jones crop.jpg
Incumbent
Tishaura Jones

since April 20, 2021 (2021-04-20)
StyleHis/Her Honor
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderWilliam Carr Lane
FormationApril 14, 1823
SuccessionPresident of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen
Salary$131,820[1]
WebsiteOffice of the Mayor

Forty-seven people have held the office, four of whom — William Carr Lane, John Fletcher Darby, John Wimer, and John How — served non-consecutive terms. Lane, the city's first mayor, served the most terms: eight one-year terms plus the unexpired term of Darby. Francis Slay is the longest-serving mayor, having served four 4-year terms. The second-longest-serving mayor was Henry Kiel, who served 12 years and nine days over three terms in office. Two others — Raymond Tucker and Vincent C. Schoemehl — also served three terms, but seven fewer days. The shortest-serving mayor was Arthur Barret, who died 11 days after taking office. The first female mayor was Lyda Krewson, who served from 2017 to 2021.

Duties and powersEdit

St. Louis was incorporated as a city on December 9, 1822, four months after Missouri was admitted as a state to the Union. In accordance with its new charter, the city changed its governance to a mayor-council format and elected its first mayor, William Carr Lane, on April 7, 1823.[3]

ElectionsEdit

The mayor is elected for four years during the general municipal election, which is held every two years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in April. (Party primary elections are held in March.) The mayor is usually sworn during the first session of the Board of Aldermen two weeks after the election.

Under the original city charter, the mayor was elected to a one-year term. Terms became two years under the 1859 city charter.[4] The mayor's office was extended to its present four-year term after passage of the Charter and Scheme in 1876 which separated the City of St. Louis from St. Louis County.[5]

The mayor is not term limited.

SuccessionEdit

If the office of mayor becomes vacant through death, resignation, recall, or removal by the board of aldermen, the president of the board of aldermen becomes mayor until a special mayoral election can be held; if the office is only temporarily vacant due to disability of the mayor, the president only acts out the duties of mayor. Should both offices be vacant, the vice-president of the board of aldermen becomes mayor.[2]

Five people have acted as mayor: Wilson Primm following the resignation of John Darby; Ferdinand W. Cronenbold following the resignation of Chauncey Filley; Herman Rechtien following the death of Arthur Barret; George W. Allen following the resignation of David Francis; and Aloys P. Kaufmann following the death of William Becker.

List of mayorsEdit

# Portrait Mayor Term start Term end Terms[B]   Party
1   William Carr Lane April 14, 1823 April 14, 1829 6 Whig
2 Daniel Page April 14, 1829 November 11, 1833 [C] Whig
3 John W. Johnston November 11, 1833 April 14, 1835 [C] Whig
4   John Fletcher Darby April 14, 1835 October 31, 1837 [D] Whig
Wilson Primm October 31, 1837 November 15, 1837 [E] Whig
1   William Carr Lane November 15, 1837 April 14, 1840 Whig
4 John Fletcher Darby April 14, 1840 April 13, 1841 1 Whig
5   John D. Daggett April 13, 1841 April 12, 1842 1 Whig
6 George Maguire April 12, 1842 April 11, 1843 1 Democratic
7   John Wimer April 11, 1843 April 9, 1844 1 Democratic
8   Bernard Pratte April 9, 1844 April 14, 1846 2 Whig
9 Peter G. Camden April 14, 1846 April 13, 1847 1 Know Nothing
10   Bryan Mullanphy April 13, 1847 April 11, 1848 1 Democratic
11   John Krum April 10, 1849 April 10, 1849 1 Democratic
12   James G. Barry April 10, 1849 April 9, 1850 1 Democratic
13   Luther Martin Kennett April 9, 1850 April 12, 1853 3 Whig
14 John How April 12, 1853 April 10, 1855 2 Democratic
15 Washington King April 10, 1855 April 15, 1856 1 Know Nothing
14 John How April 15, 1856 April 14, 1857 1 Democratic
7   John Wimer April 14, 1857 April 13, 1858 1 Democratic
16   Oliver Filley April 13, 1858 April 9, 1861 2[F] Republican
17 Daniel G. Taylor April 9, 1861 April 14, 1863 1[G] Republican
18   Chauncey Filley April 14, 1863 March 19, 1864 ½[H] Republican
Ferdinand W. Cronenbold March 19, 1864 April 11, 1864 [I]
19 James Thomas April 11, 1864 April 13, 1869 Republican
20   Nathan Cole April 13, 1869 April 11, 1871 1 Republican
21 Joseph Brown April 11, 1871 April 13, 1875 2 War Democrat
22 Arthur Barret April 13, 1875 April 24, 1875 [J][K] Democratic
Herman Rechtien April 24, 1875 May 29, 1875 [L]
23 James H. Britton May 29, 1875 February 9, 1876 [M] Democratic
24 Henry Overstolz February 9, 1876 April 12, 1881 1⅓[L][N] Independent
25 William L. Ewing April 12, 1881 April 14, 1885 1 Republican
26   David R. Francis April 14, 1885 January 2, 1889 1[O] Democratic
George W. Allen January 2, 1889 April 6, 1889 [P] Democratic
27 Edward A. Noonan April 6, 1889 April 8, 1893 1 Democratic
28   Cyrus Walbridge April 8, 1893 April 10, 1897 1 Republican
29   Henry Ziegenhein April 10, 1897 April 9, 1901 1 Republican
30   Rolla Wells April 9, 1901 April 13, 1909 2 Democratic
31   Frederick Kreismann April 13, 1909 April 12, 1913 1 Republican
32   Henry Kiel April 12, 1913 April 21, 1925 3 Republican
33   Victor J. Miller April 21, 1925 April 18, 1933 2 Republican
34   Bernard F. Dickmann April 18, 1933 April 15, 1941 2 Democratic
35 William D. Becker April 15, 1941 August 1, 1943 ½[J] Republican
36 Aloys P. Kaufmann August 1, 1943 April 19, 1949 [Q] Republican
37 Joseph Darst April 19, 1949 April 21, 1953 1 Democratic
38 Raymond Tucker April 21, 1953 April 20, 1965 3 Democratic
39 Alfonso J. Cervantes April 20, 1965 April 17, 1973 2 Democratic
40 John Poelker April 17, 1973 April 19, 1977 1 Democratic
41 James F. Conway April 19, 1977 April 21, 1981 1 Democratic
42 Vincent C. Schoemehl April 21, 1981 April 20, 1993 3 Democratic
43 Freeman Bosley Jr. April 20, 1993 April 15, 1997 1 Democratic
44 Clarence Harmon April 15, 1997 April 17, 2001 1 Democratic
45   Francis Slay April 17, 2001 April 18, 2017 4 Democratic
46   Lyda Krewson April 18, 2017 April 20, 2021 1 Democratic
47   Tishaura Jones April 20, 2021 Incumbent 1 Democratic
 
The Mayor of St. Louis has an office on the second floor of City Hall.

NotesEdit

  • A. ^ 47 people have served as mayor, four twice; the table includes these non-consecutive terms as well.
  • B. ^ The fractional terms of some mayors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple mayors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  • C. a b Samuel Merry was elected mayor of St. Louis in April 1833; however, his eligibility was questioned by the City Council as he was a federal officer—United States Receiver of Public Moneys in St. Louis. Merry filed suit to force the council's compliance and in October 1833, he was ruled ineligible by the Missouri Supreme Court.[6] Johnston was elected mayor in a special mayoral election held a month later on November 9. Page continued to serve as mayor until the case was settled and Johnston elected.[7][8]
  • D. ^ Darby resigned from office. William Carr Lane was later elected to fill the vacancy.[9]
  • E. ^ As president of the Board of Aldermen, Primm acted as mayor following the resignation of Darby.[10]
  • F. ^ Oliver Filley's second term was the first mayoral term to last 2 years.[4]
  • G. ^ Daniel G. Taylor was the candidate of a one-time coalition of traditional Missouri Democrats, pro-slavery activists, and secessionists calling itself the "Union Anti-Black Republican" ticket. The coalition was suspicious of the Abolitionist platform of the Republican party, and argued that St. Louis should not be governed by "Black Abolitionists" who would support newly elected President Lincoln in acting, including the use of military force, to prevent secession of southern states. Mayor Taylor worked in concert with Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, until Jackson fled the state capitol to establish a Confederate aligned state government-in-exile. Mayor Taylor then cooperated with the new conservative-Unionist Governor, Hamilton Gamble.
  • H. ^ Chauncey Filley resigned after serving one year of his two-year term as mayor due to poor health.[11][12]
  • I. ^ As president of the Board of Common Council, Cronenbold acted as mayor following the resignation of Chauncey Filley.
  • J. a b Died in office.
  • K. ^ Barret became suddenly ill and died after only 11 days in office.[13][14]
  • L. ^ As president of the City Council, Rechtin acted as mayor following the death of Arthur Barret.[14][15]
  • M. a b Henry Overstolz was declared defeated by James Britton in the 1875 election, but contested the election and was seated as mayor nine months later after a recount of the ballots.[16]
  • N. ^ Per the new city charter of 1876, Overstolz became the first mayor of St. Louis elected to a four-year term.[5]
  • O. ^ Resigned from office to become Governor of Missouri.[17]
  • P. ^ As president of the City Council, Allen acted as mayor following the resignation of David Francis.[17][18]
  • Q. ^ As president of the Board of Aldermen, Kaufmann became mayor following the death of William Becker. He was later elected mayor, in a special mayoral election in November 1944, to fill Becker's unexpired term.[19]

Other high offices heldEdit

This is a table of governorships, congressional and other federal offices, and ranking diplomatic positions in foreign countries held by St. Louis mayors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Missouri.

Denotes those offices that the mayor resigned to take.
† Denotes those offices that the mayor resigned to be mayor.
Mayor Mayoral term Other offices held Sources
William Carr Lane 1823–1829
1837–1840
Missouri State Representative (1826–1828, 1830–1834)
Governor of New Mexico Territory (1852–1853)
[20]
 
John Fletcher Darby 1835–1837
1840–1841
Missouri State Senator (1838–1840)
U.S. Representative (1851–1853)
[21]
[22]
Luther Martin Kennett 1850–1853 U.S. Representative (1855–1857) [23]
Nathan Cole 1869–1871 U.S. Representative (1877–1879) [24]
Joseph Brown 1871–1875 Missouri State Senator (1868–1871) [25]
James H. Britton 1875–1876 Missouri State Representative (1852–1856) [25]
David R. Francis 1885–1889 Governor of Missouri* (1889–1893)
U.S. Secretary of the Interior (1896–1897)
Ambassador to Russia (1916–1917)
Henry Ziegenhein 1897–1901 Missouri State Representative (1876–1878); [26][27]
James F. Conway 1977–1981 Missouri State Representative (1966–1974)
Missouri State Senator† (1974–1977)
[28]
[28][29][30]

Living former mayorsEdit

As of April 2021, six former mayors were alive (with all of them having served in the position since 1977), the oldest being James F. Conway (1977–1981, born 1933). The most recent death of a former mayor was that of John H. Poelker (1973–1977), on February 9, 1990.

Name Mayoral term Date of birth
James F. Conway 1977–1981 June 27, 1932
Vincent C. Schoemehl 1981–1993 October 30, 1946
Freeman Bosley, Jr. 1993–1997 July 20, 1954
Clarence Harmon 1997–2001 1940
Francis Slay 2001–2017 March 18, 1955
Lyda Krewson 2017–2021 November 14, 1953

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "St. Louis Mayors". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  • "Laws of the City of St. Louis". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on June 14, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  • Cornwell, Charles H. (1965). St. Louis Mayors: Brief Biographies. St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library.
  • Reavis, L. U. (1876). Saint Louis: The Future Great City of the World (Centennial ed.). St. Louis: C. R. Barns. pp. 74–77. OCLC 2186198. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  • Stevens, Walter Barlow (1911). St. Louis: The Fourth City, 1764-1911. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. pp. 91–123. OCLC 9351989. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
Charters
Specific
  1. ^ Jeffrey, Jeff (October 8, 2018). "Public paychecks: Here's how much Mayor Krewson gets paid and how her salary stacks up nationally". KSDK. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "St. Louis City Charter, Article VII". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  3. ^ Conard, Howard Louis (1901). Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri. 1. New York ; Louisville ; St. Louis: The Southern History Company. pp. 569–572. OCLC 32872107.
  4. ^ a b "St. Louis Mayors: Oliver D. Filley". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "St. Louis Mayors: Henry Overstolz". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  6. ^ State v. Samuel Merry (Mo. 1833).Text
  7. ^ "St. Louis Mayors: John W. Johnston". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  8. ^ Shepard, Elihu Hotchkiss (1870). The Early History of St. Louis and Missouri. Saint Louis: Southwestern Book and Publishing Company. p. 112. OCLC 2804761. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  9. ^ Stevens, Walter Barlow (1911). St. Louis: The Fourth City, 1764-1911. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. p. 112. OCLC 9351989. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
  10. ^ "Proceedings of the Board of Aldermen of the City of St. Louis". Daily Commercial Bulletin and Missouri Literary Register. December 2, 1837.
  11. ^ "St. Louis Mayors: Chauncey I. Filley". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  12. ^ Missouri Democrat. March 16, 1864. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Reavis, L. U. (1875). Saint Louis: The Future Great City of the World (Biographical ed.). Saint Louis, MO: Gray, Baker & Co. pp. 467–470. OCLC 1805694. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  14. ^ a b "Arthur B. Barret. The Mayor's Illness Results in Death This Morning". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. April 24, 1875.
  15. ^ "A Municipal Row". The Inter Ocean. May 19, 1875.
  16. ^ "St. Louis Mayors: James H. Britton". St. Louis Public Library. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  17. ^ a b "The City Hall Change". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 2, 1889. p. 10.
  18. ^ "Next Municipal Chief". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 2, 1889. p. 2.
  19. ^ "Aloys P. Kaufmann". The New York Times. February 15, 1984. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
  20. ^ "Missouri State Legislators 1820-2000". MO.gov. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  21. ^ "Missouri State Legislators 1820-2000". MO.gov. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  22. ^ "DARBY, John Fletcher". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  23. ^ "KENNETT, Luther Martin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  24. ^ "COLE, Nathan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 2, 2008.
  25. ^ a b "Missouri State Legislators 1820-2000". MO.gov. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  26. ^ "Missouri State Legislators 1820-2000". MO.gov. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  27. ^ State Almanac and Official Directory of Missouri for 1878. Saint Louis: John J. Daly & Co. 1878. p. 31. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  28. ^ a b "Missouri State Legislators 1820-2000". MO.gov. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  29. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri 1975–1977. Jefferson City and St. Louis, Missouri: Von Hoffmann Press, Inc. pp. 94–95. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  30. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri 1977–1978. Jefferson City and St. Louis, Missouri: Von Hoffmann Press, Inc. p. 93. Retrieved May 12, 2010.