Open main menu

Mayaca is a genus of flowering plants, often placed in its own family, the Mayacaceae.[4][5] In the APG II system of 2003, it is assigned to the order Poales in the clade commelinids. The Cronquist system, of 1981, also recognised such a family and placed it in the order Commelinales in the subclass Commelinidae.

Mayaca fluviatilis clean.jpg
Mayaca fluviatilis
1775 illustration[2]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Mayacaceae
Genus: Mayaca
  • Biaslia Vand.
  • Syena Schreb.
  • Coletia Vell.

The group is widely distributed in Latin America from Mexico to Argentina, as well as in the West Indies, the southeastern United States, and central Africa.[3][6][7][8]


Eighteen or so species names have been proposed,[9] but only 5 are accepted as distinct.[10]

  1. Mayaca baumii Gürke - Congo-Brazzabille, Zaïre, Angola, Zambia
  2. Mayaca fluviatilis Aubl. - southeastern United States from Texas to North Carolina; West Indies (Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad); Latin America from central Mexico to Argentina
  3. Mayaca kunthii Seub. - Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay
  4. Mayaca longipes Mart. ex Seub. - Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, the Guianas
  5. Mayaca sellowiana Kunth - Costa Rica, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, the Guianas, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
  2. ^ Jean Baptiste Christophe Fusée Aublet (1720-1778) - Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Francoise vol. 3 pl. 15 (
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Sutton, D. A. & R. Khan. 1994. 258. Mayacaceae. 6: 173–174. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  5. ^ Flora of North America, vol 22, Mayacaceae Kunth
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map for Mayaca fluviatilis
  7. ^ Lourteig, A. 1952. Mayacaceae. Notul. Syst. (Paris. ) 14: 30--33. 1952. Lourteig, A. 1960. Distribution géographique des Mayacacées. Compt. Rend. Sommaire Séances Soc. Biogéogr. 323/2536[323]: 31--35.
  8. ^ Thieret, J. W. 1975. The Mayacaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 56: 248--255.
  9. ^ "The Plant List - Mayaca". 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  10. ^ Pellegrini, M. O. O. & Carvalho, M. L. S. (2016). "The identity and application of Coletia madida and notes on the typification of Mayacaceae". Taxon. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). 65 (3): 605–609. doi:10.12705/653.12.

External linksEdit