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Mavronéri (Greek: “Black Water”) is a river identified with the River Styx of Greek mythology according to Hesiod’s description in Theogony. It is located near Nonakris in the Aroania Mountains of Achaia on the Peloponnesian peninsula. Stanford University scientists, Antoinette Hayes, and Adrienne Mayor, speculate that the waters of the Mavronéri were used to poison Alexander the Great in 323 BCE.[1]


  1. ^ Nick Squires (August 3, 2010). "Alexander the Great poisoned by the River Styx". Retrieved August 10, 2017. 'It is extremely toxic,' said Antoinette Hayes, co-author of the Stanford University research paper and a toxicologist at Pfizer Research in the US.