Mauro Piacenza JCD (born 15 September 1944) is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal since 2010, he has served as Penitentiary Major of the Apostolic Penitentiary since his appointment by Pope Francis on 21 September 2013. He was Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy from 7 October 2010 to 21 September 2013. where he had been Secretary since 2007. At that Congregation, Pope Benedict XVI, according to one report, valued "his efficiency and in-depth knowledge of how the Congregation worked and its problems" and "his traditionalist ecclesiastical line of thought".
|Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary|
|Appointed||21 September 2013|
|Predecessor||Manuel Monteiro de Castro|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Deacon of S. Paolo alle Tre Fontane|
|Ordination||21 December 1969|
by Giuseppe Siri
|Consecration||15 November 2003|
by Tarcisio Bertone
|Created cardinal||20 November 2010|
by Benedict XVI
|Birth name||Mauro Piacenza|
|Born||15 September 1944|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Piacenza was born in Genoa. After studying at the Major Archiepiscopal Seminary of Genoa, he was ordained to the priesthood by Giuseppe Siri on 21 December 1969. He then completed his studies at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he obtained a doctorate summa cum laude in canon law.
After serving as a parochial vicar, he worked as chaplain to the University of Genoa. Piacenza taught canon law at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy and held several other posts, serving as the archbishop's press officer. He was the diocesan assistant of the ecclesial Movement of Cultural Commitment. He served as professor of contemporary culture and history of atheism at the Ligurian Higher Institute of Religious Studies as well as professor of dogmatic theology at the Diocesan Institute of Theology for the Lay "Didascaleion". He also taught theology at several state schools. He was made a canon of the Genoa Cathedral in 1986.
Service in the Roman CuriaEdit
On 13 October 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Piacenza President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church and Titular Bishop of Victoriana. He received his episcopal consecration on 15 November from Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, with Cardinal Darío Castrillón Hoyos and Bishop Alberto Tanasini as co-consecrators.
He was named President of the Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archeology on 28 August 2004. He was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for the Clergy and raised to the rank of archbishop on 7 May 2007. He was appointed Prefect of that Congregation on 7 October 2010. His appointment was unusual as few officials who serve as Secretary are appointed as Prefect of the same dicastery.
On 20 November 2010 Pope Benedict XVI created him Cardinal-Deacon of San Paolo alle Tre Fontane and, on 29 December 2010, appointed him a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for Catholic Education, and the Pontifical Council for Social Communications.
Piacenza, like all officers of the Roman Curia, lost his position with the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI. Pope Francis reappointed them temporarily and then moved Piacenza from his position as Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy to head the Apostolic Penitentiary on 21 September 2013. His new role was described as "a decidedly lower command post" as head of "a little-known Vatican tribunal that deals with confessions of sins so grave only a pope can grant absolution, such as the case of a priest who violates confessional secrecy".
- Tosatti, Marco. "Francis makes key new appointments". La Stampa. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 13.10.2003". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 13 October 2003. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 28.08.2004". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 28 August 2004. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 07.05.2007". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 7 May 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 07.10.2007". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 7 October 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- Pullella, Philip (20 November 2010). "Pope puts his stamp on Catholic Church future with new cardinals". Reuters. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 29.12.2010". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 29 December 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- Allen Jr., John L. (17 May 2013). "Francis temporarily reappoints curial heads, mulls new appointments". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 21.09.2013". Holy See Press Office (Press release) (in Italian). 21 September 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- D'Emilio, Frances (21 September 2013). "Pope keeps cleric who leads nun crackdown in job". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Piacenza Card. Mauro". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
|Catholic Church titles|
José Tomás Sánchez
| President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church
13 October 2003 – 7 May 2007
| Secretary of the Congregation for the Clergy
7 May 2007 – 7 October 2010
Celso Morga Iruzubieta
Cláudio Cardinal Hummes, OFM
| Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
7 October 2010 – 21 September 2013
Manuel Monteiro de Castro
| Major Penitentiary
21 September 2013 – present