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Maupertuis is the remnant of a lunar impact crater that is located in the northern part of the Moon's near side. It lies in the stretch of rugged terrain north of Sinus Iridum, a bay in the northwestern corner of Mare Imbrium. To the north lies the crater La Condamine, and Mare Frigoris.

Maupertius crater 4139 h3.jpg
Coordinates49°36′N 27°18′W / 49.6°N 27.3°W / 49.6; -27.3Coordinates: 49°36′N 27°18′W / 49.6°N 27.3°W / 49.6; -27.3
Diameter45.49 km
Depth1.5 km
Colongitude28° at sunrise
EponymPierre Louis Maupertuis

This is a crater that has been nearly obliterated by a history of impacts, leaving only a disintegrated remnant of the original rim. The surviving outer rim is not especially circular, having been reshaped into a somewhat pentagonal outline. There are deep gouges from cratering along the northeastern rim. The interior floor is not in much better shape, being rough and irregular.

To the northeast of this crater is a system of rilles designated Rimae Maupertuis.[1] These are considered to have formed through geological activity. Good eyesight and a large telescope are required to observe these rilles.

The crater was named for the French mathematician and astronomer Pierre Louis Maupertuis (1698–1759).[2][3]


Satellite cratersEdit

Maupertuis and its satellite craters
Maupertuis Latitude Longitude Diameter Ref
A 50.6° N 24.7° W 13.91 km WGPSN
B 51.3° N 26.7° W 6.07 km WGPSN
C 50.2° N 24.0° W 10.47 km WGPSN
K 49.3° N 25.0° W 5.28 km WGPSN
L 51.3° N 29.2° W 6.21 km WGPSN

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Rimae Maupertuis". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. ^ "Maupertuis (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  3. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D.; International Astronomical Union (2003). Dictionary of minor planet names. Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag. p. 273. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 9 September 2011.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  • "Maupertuis". Gazeteer of Planetary Nomenclature. International Astronomical Union. Retrieved 12 September 2017.