Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan

Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan (M. T. Khan; March 1889 – 19 August 1963)[1][2] was the Speaker of Pakistan's Constituent Assembly from 1948 to 1954 and National Assembly of Pakistan between 1962 and 1963.[3]

Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
TamizuddinKhan.jpg
2nd & 4th Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
11 June 1962 – 19 August 1963
DeputyMohammad Afzal Cheema
Preceded byAbdul Wahab Khan
Succeeded byFazlul Qadir Chaudhry
In office
14 December 1948 – 24 October 1954
DeputyM.H. Gazder
Preceded byMohammad Ali Jinnah
Succeeded byAbdul Wahab Khan
1st Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
23 February 1948 – 13 December 1948
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byMuhammad Hashim Gazdar
Personal details
BornMarch 1889
Faridpur, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died19 August 1963(1963-08-19) (aged 74)
Dacca, East Pakistan, Pakistan
Political partyMuslim League (1915–1963)
Indian National Congress (1921–1926)
ChildrenRazia Khan (daughter)
Alma materPresidency College, Kolkata
Surendranath College
University of Calcutta

Early lifeEdit

Khan was born to a farmer with only three acres of land.[4] He completed his master's in English from presidency college in 1913 and LLB in 1915 from Rippon college and started his legal profession in Faridpur.[2] making him the first Muslim from Faridpur district to complete master's degree.[4]

CareerEdit

Khan joined non-cooperation movement led by Gandhi when he was a student.[5] Later he joined the Indian National Congress and subsequently joined khilafat movement in 1921 and was arrested and sent to Faridpur jail and later was shifted to Central jail in Dhaka.

Khan was elected vice-chairman of Faridpur Municipality. In 1926, he got elected to the Bengal Legislative Assembly from Faridpur.[2] Khan left Congress in 1926 as he thought that the party was biased towards the Hindus He later became the secretary of the Anjuman-i-Islamia and subsequently joined the Muslim League.[2][5]

He competed on a Muslim League ticket in the 1937 election and defeated the Congressional candidate convincingly. Between 1937 and 1947, Khan served twice as Minister of Health, Agriculture, Industry and Education in Bengal.[5][6]

Khan created history when the Constituent Assembly was dismissed by Governor General Ghulam Mohammad in 1954. Khan challenged the dismissal in the court and the case was filed in the morning of 7 November 1954, by Advocate Manzar-e-Alam.[4] Although the High Court agreed and overturned it, the Federal Court under Justice Muhammad Munir upheld the dismissal. He had been president of the Basic Principles Committee set up in 1949.

"Justice A. R. Cornelius was the sole dissenting judge in the landmark judgment handed down by the Supreme Court in the Maulvi Tamizuddin case. That judgment altered the course of politics in Pakistan forever and sealed the fate of democracy. The law had guided him as he had interpreted it and his conscience.".[7]

The decision to uphold the dismissal of the constituent assembly was to mark the beginning of the overt role of Pakistan's military and civil establishment in Pakistani politics.[8]

 
Moulvi Tamizuddin Khan with President John F.Kennedy

Personal lifeEdit

Khan's daughters' were Razia Khan and Qulsum Huda Khan.[9][10] Razia was an Ekushey Padak winning writer and poet.[11] Qulsum was one of the founders and vice-chancellors of Central Women's University.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Council, West Bengal (India) Legislature Legislative (1963). Council Debates: Official Report (in Bengali). West Bengal Government Press.
  2. ^ a b c d Islam, Sirajul (2012). "Khan, Tamizuddin". In Islam, Sirajul; Ahsan, Manzur (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ "SPEAKERS". www.findpk.com. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Khan, Tamizuddin (1989). The Test of Time: My Life and Days by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan, Chapter Six.
  5. ^ a b c "The Forgotten Trailblazer". The Daily Star. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Memoirs of a Patriot". Star Weekend Magazine. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  7. ^ For the Love of Cricket' by Omar Kureishi "For the love of cricket". Dawn Magazine. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
  8. ^ "Parlamientary History". na.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Those who passed on…". The Daily Star. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Dr. M.N. Huda : As I knew him". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Razia Khan Amin's 2nd anniversary of death today". The Daily Star. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Simeen's works a beacon of light". The Daily Star. 29 April 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.