The Matra MS80 was the fourth Formula One car produced by Matra (following the MS9, MS10 and MS11). The Ford Cosworth DFV-powered car (engine 3000 cc, estimated at around 420 bhp (313 kW)) took Jackie Stewart to the Formula One World Championship title in 1969.
|Predecessor||MS10 / MS11|
|Successor||MS84 / MS120|
|Engine||Ford Cosworth DFV 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) V8 NA mid-engined|
|Transmission||Hewland DG300 5 speed|
|Weight||540 kg (1,190.5 lb)|
|Notable entrants||Matra International|
|Notable drivers|| Jackie Stewart|
|Debut||1969 Spanish Grand Prix|
|Constructors' Championships||1 (1969)|
|Drivers' Championships||1 (Jackie Stewart, 1969)|
|n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to|
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.
The car, designed under the direction of Gérard Ducarouge and Bernard Boyer, was built at Matra's Formula One base at Vélizy-Villacoublay in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, though the final completion with the Cosworth engine was done in the Tyrrell workshop of East Horsley near Ripley, UK. A major change from the MS10 was the location of the fuel cell, which was moved from behind the driver and placed in sidepods by the driver's hips, giving the car a slight 'Coke bottle' appearance. The rocker-arm front suspension was replaced by outboard springs, with a parallel link set up on the rear suspension. Apart from Ferrari cars, the Matra MS80 is the only non-British built car to win the Formula One World Constructors' Championship (the French-licensed constructor Renault, the Austrian-licensed constructor Red Bull and the German-licensed constructor Mercedes built their winning cars in the UK) as well as the only car built in France to help a driver win the World Drivers' Championship.
Although officially a Matra, it was run by the privateer Matra International team of Ken Tyrrell and, as such, remains the only car not entered by a works team to win the Formula One World Constructors' Championship as well as to help a driver win the World Drivers' Championship. The MS80 was one of the first F1 racing cars to be designed with "wings" for downforce to increase high-speed tyre grip. These were originally introduced into F1 in 1968. Due to some serious racing accidents with the flimsy 1969-type high wing constructions early in the racing season, like all 1969 F1 cars the MS80 was altered to use more sturdy lowered wings, directly attached to the car's body, later on.
Only two MS80's were assembled in 1969, a third monocoque was built but remained un-assembled until the EPAF company made it a complete car in 2006. In a 2006 issue of Motor Sport magazine, Jackie Stewart referred to the MS80 as the nicest-handling F1 car he had ever driven.
Complete Formula One World Championship resultsEdit
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1969||Matra International||Ford Cosworth DFV
- "Matra MS80". StatsF1.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Tyrrell Ford 001". www.research-racing.de. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- Brown, Allen. "Matra MS80 car-by-car histories". oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- Henry, Alan (June 2006). "Jackie Stewart talks to Alan Henry". Motor Sport. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Guinness. pp. 55 and 360. ISBN 0851127029.