Mary Blathwayt

Mary Blathwayt (1 February 1879 – 25 June 1961)[1] was a British feminist, suffragette and social reformer. She lived at Eagle House in Somerset. This house became known as the "Suffragette's Rest" and contained a memorial to the protests of 60 suffragists and suffragettes. The memorial was bulldozed in the 1960s.

Mary Blathwayt
Suffragette Mary Blathwayt 1909. Blathwayt, Col Linley.jpg
Blathwayt in 1909
Born1 February 1879
Worthing, Sussex, England
Died25 June 1961 (aged 82)
NationalityBritish
Known forSuffragette and social reformer
Parents

Early lifeEdit

Mary Blathwayt was born 1 February 1879 in Worthing, Sussex,[2] the daughter of Colonel Linley Blathwayt, an army officer who had served in India[3] and Emily Blathwayt (née Rose)[2] who were first cousins.[4]

Upon retiring from active service, Colonel Blathwayt and his family moved from India to Eagle House, Batheaston, on the outskirts of Bath.[1]

Her younger brother, William, trained as an electrical engineer and taught English in Germany for many years before returning to England at the beginning of the First World War. Mary, remained at home and attended Bath High School.[1]

Campaigning for women's suffrageEdit

 
Annie Kenney to the left, Blathwayt at centre and Emmeline Pankhurst, with the spade, at Eagle House in Batheaston in 1910

Blathwayt and her mother started attending meetings of the Bath Women's Suffrage Society.[1] In July 1906, Blathwayt gave three shillings to Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU).[3] She first met Annie Kenney at a WSPU meeting in Bath and agreed to help Kenney, Elsie Howey, Clara Codd and Mary Phillips to organise the women's suffrage campaign in her area. Blathwayt was given an allowance by her family to support her in her work for women's rights. Many women who supported the cause bought merchandise supporting the WSPU such as 'branded' china or brooches, and in Blathwayt's diary she had bought tea (tea leaves) which she had to return to Bath WSPU - as it was 'off'.[5] Blathwayt met many of the key people from the suffragette movement who were invited to stay at her parental home and to plant a tree to celebrate a prison sentence.[3]

However when Vera Wentworth and Elsie Howey assaulted the Prime Minister this proved too much for Mary Blathwayt's family. Her mother, Emily, resigned from the WSPU and her father, Linley, wrote letters of protest to Christabel Pankhurst, Howey and Wentworth. Pankhurst was told that Howey and Wentworth could not visit their house again. Wentworth sent them a long reply expressing regret at their reaction but noting that "if Mr. Asquith will not receive deputation they will pummel him again".[6]

Death and legacyEdit

Following her retirement from the WSPU, Blathwayt lived a quiet life with her family at Eagle House until her death on 25 June 1961.[1] The sixty trees that were planted at Eagle House were removed to make way for a housing estate. Other trees have been planted to mirror the lost memorials.[7]

Blathwayt's diary reveals that she probably had an affair with Cristabel Pankhurst before Pankhurst moved on to Annie Kenney. Blathwayt made notes of Kenney's sleeping partners when she stayed at Eagle House and jealousy has been proposed as the reason.[8] In 1961 the Local Planning Authority overruled local objections and allowed the gardens to be redeveloped. The house was kept but its contents were auctioned and this included a Boadicea brooch given by Annie Kenney to Mary Blathwayt. The garden did not completely go unnoticed as a local journalist noted that the contents of the house were unimportant when compared to the suffragette's garden.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Hannam, June (2004). Mary Blathwayt. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50066.
  2. ^ a b Archives, The National. "The Discovery Service". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Simkin, John (September 1997). "Mary Blathwayt". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  4. ^ Archives, The National. "The Discovery Service". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  5. ^ "tea room | Search Results | Woman and her Sphere". Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Vera Wentworth". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Trees honour Bath's suffragettes". BBC News. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  8. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa; Marsh, Alec (11 June 2000). "Diary reveals lesbian love trysts of suffragette leaders". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  9. ^ Cynthia Imogen Hammond (5 July 2017). "Architects, Angels, Activists and the City of Bath, 1765?965 ": Engaging with Women's Spatial Interventions in Buildings and Landscape. Taylor & Francis. pp. 198–. ISBN 978-1-351-57612-3.

External linksEdit