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Martin Joseph Wade (October 20, 1861 – April 16, 1931) was a United States Representative from Iowa and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa.

Martin Joseph Wade
Martin Wade.jpg
Martin Wade, Bain News Service, undated
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa
In office
March 3, 1915 – April 16, 1931
Appointed byWoodrow Wilson
Preceded bySmith McPherson
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905
Preceded byJohn N. W. Rumple
Succeeded byAlbert F. Dawson
Personal details
Born
Martin Joseph Wade

(1861-10-20)October 20, 1861
Burlington, Vermont
DiedApril 16, 1931(1931-04-16) (aged 69)
Los Angeles, California
Resting placeSt. Joseph's Cemetery
Iowa City, Iowa
Political partyDemocratic

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Born on October 20, 1861, in Burlington, Chittenden County, Vermont, Wade moved to Iowa with his parents at an early age,[1] eventually settling on a farm in Butler County.[2] He attended the common schools and St. Joseph's College (later Columbia University) in Dubuque, Iowa.[1] He received a Bachelor of Laws in 1886 from the University of Iowa College of Law.[3] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Iowa City, Iowa from 1886 to 1893.[3] He was a faculty member at the University of Iowa from 1890 to 1903, as a lecturer in law from 1890 to 1894 and as a Professor of Medical Jurisprudence from 1894 to 1903.[3] He was a Judge of the Iowa District Court for the Eighth Judicial District from 1893 to 1902.[3] He was President of the Iowa State Bar Association in 1897 and 1898.[1]

Congressional serviceEdit

Wade was elected as a Democrat from Iowa's 2nd congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 58th United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1903 to March 3, 1905.[1] The incumbent congressman, John N. W. Rumple, did not seek re-election for health reasons, and Wade defeated Republican attorney W. H. Hoffman.[4] As Wade would write in autobiographical information submitted to Congress following his election, he had refused to make any campaign speeches during the race because he considered it an improper thing for a judge to do.[5] He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1904 to the 59th United States Congress.[1] He was swept out of office as part of a Republican landslide, losing to Republican Albert F. Dawson in the general election.[citation needed] Wade returned to private practice in Iowa City from 1905 to 1915.[1] He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1904 and 1912.[1] Wade's congressional staffer, Irvin S. Pepper, was elected to Wade's former seat in 1910, following Dawson's retirement.[citation needed]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Wade was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on February 26, 1915, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa vacated by Judge Smith McPherson.[3] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 3, 1915, and received his commission the same day.[3] His service terminated on April 16, 1931, due to his death in Los Angeles, California,[3] while on a visit in that state.[1] He was interred in St. Joseph's Cemetery in Iowa City.[1]

Notable caseEdit

Wade presided over the Davenport sedition trials in 1917 and 1918, and sentenced Daniel Wallace to 20 years in prison for making a speech opposing the draft and critical of the United States' allies.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Martin Joseph Wade". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  2. ^ "Judge Wade," Mason City Globe Gazette, 1902-11-13 at p. 8.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Martin Joseph Wade at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  4. ^ "Iowa," New York Times, 1902-11-02 at p. 14.
  5. ^ "Autobiographies of New Congressmen," New York Times, 1903-03-07 at p. 9.
  6. ^ George Mills & Richard W. Peterson, "No One is Above the Law: The Story of Southern Iowa's Federal Court," pp. 46-47 (1994) OCLC: 32291408 ASIN: B0006F5QA8.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit