Aitken was born in Stamford, Lincolnshire, and studied physics at Wadham College, Oxford. He was a fellow of Linacre College, Oxford. Aitken organised annual meetings which became the Symposium on Archaeometry and Archaeological Prospection". He retired in 1989 and died in June 2017 at the age of 95.
- Ellis, Linda (2000). Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0815313055.
- "Jubilee Aitken - an eightieth birthday celebration" (PDF).
- M. J. Aitken at Library of Congress Authorities, with 10 catalogue records
- "Research Laboratory for Archaeology & the History of Art". ox.ac.uk.
- "ON THE RETIREMENT OF TEDDY HALL AND MARTIN AITKEN". Archaeometry. 32: 3–6. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4754.1990.tb01076.x.
- Avis de décès (in French)