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Marracuene, earlier known as Vila Luísa is a town in Mozambique's Maputo Province in Marracuene District, located 30 km north of Maputo on the Incomati River. The Parque de Campismo de Marracuene, a popular camping destination, is located nearby.

Marracuene at war. 1899.
Marracuene at war. 1899.
Marracuene is located in Mozambique
Coordinates: 25°44′S 32°41′E / 25.733°S 32.683°E / -25.733; 32.683
Country Mozambique
ProvincesMaputo Province
DistrictMarracuene District



On February 2, 1895, Marracuene was the site of a decisive battle between Portuguese commander António José Enes and Gaza emperor Gungunyane; the Portuguese defeated the larger Gaza forces by means of repeating rifles and a machine gun.


Marracuene served as a popular tourist destination in Mozambique's colonial era thanks to a 21-mile beach on the Indian Ocean; the town also served as a key link in the Lourenço Marques Railway System.


  • Hance, William A. and Irene S. Van Dongen. "Lourenço Marques in Delagoa Bay." Economic Geography 33.3 (1957): 238-256.
  • Wheeler, Douglas L. "Gungunyane the Negotiator: A Study in African Diplomacy." The Journal of African History 9.4 (1968): 585-602.

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