Marie Antoinette with a Rose

Marie Antoinette with a Rose, also known as Marie-Antoinette with the Rose (French: Marie-Antoinette dit « à la Rose ») is an oil painting by the French artist Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun. It was painted in 1783, and is in the collection of the Palace of Versailles.

Marie Antoinette with a Rose
Louise Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun - Marie-Antoinette dit « à la Rose » - Google Art Project.jpg
ArtistÉlisabeth Vigée Le Brun
MediumOil on canvas
SubjectMarie Antoinette
Dimensions116.8 cm × 88.9 cm (46.0 in × 35.0 in)[1]
LocationPalace of Versailles, Versailles


Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, the court painter of Queen Marie Antoinette of France, painted Marie Antoinette with a Rose. Vigée Le Brun was enrolled at the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture on 31 May 1783. That year she was commissioned by Marie Antoinette to present a portrait of herself for the upcoming Salon.[2] She portrayed the queen wearing a dress that looked like a chemise. The chemise-like dress was adapted from the Parisian fashion dressmaker Rose Bertin, the queen's favourite, during the time when the queen lived at the Petit Trianon, out of the palace. Visitors to the Salon were shocked because they thought it unbecoming to portray a queen of France in this kind of dress. It was also made of imported cotton instead of supporting the struggling French silk industry.[3] After that, the portrait was removed from the Salon.[2]

Marie Antoinette in a Chemise Dress, portrait of the queen in a "muslin" dress (by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, 1783)

Vigée Le Brun immediately painted a new portrait to be exhibited before the event ended.[4] The pose did not change in the new portrait. The queen is dressed in a classic blue-grey silk dress with a large striped ribbon bow and rich pearl jewelry, which were considered more suitable for a queen of France.[5] The artist intentionally portrayed the queen in a silk dress to show the queen's support for the silk-weavers of Lyons.[2]

The first portrait, in a chemise, seems to have been lost, but the artist produced five subsequent versions with variations in costume, for example with a hat or in a muslin dress.[6]


  1. ^ "Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun: Marie Antoinette with a Rose". The Met. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Marie-Antoinette Tear Sheets. Palace of Versailles. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  3. ^ Weber, Caroline (2006). Queen of Fashion: What Marie Antoinette Wore to the Revolution. Henry Holt and Co. pp. 156–175. ISBN 0-8050-7949-1.
  4. ^ Tutter, Adele (April 2016). "THE LADY IS A TRAMP: Vigée Le Brun". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  5. ^ Herrera, Rebecca (14 August 2019). "1783 – Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun, Marie Antoinette with a Rose". Fashion Institute of Technology. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  6. ^ Benoît, Jérémie (January 2005). "Marie-Antoinette, la mal-Aimée" [Marie-Antoinette, The Unloved] (in French). Histoire par l'image. Retrieved 29 July 2021.

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