Margherita d'Anjou is an opera semiseria in two acts by Giacomo Meyerbeer. The Italian libretto was by Felice Romani after a text based on legends around the English Wars of the Roses by René-Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt. The title role is the Queen Margaret of Shakespeare's Henry VI plays, who also appears in Richard III. Margherita d'Anjou is the first opera by Meyerbeer to mix historical events and personages with fictional characters and situations, as his French grand operas Les Huguenots, Le prophète and L'Africaine were later to do. It is the fourth of Meyerbeer's Italian operas and was his first international success.
|Opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer|
14 November 1820
La Scala, Milan
Margherita d'Anjou was first given at La Scala, Milan, on 14 November 1820. It was successful and was subsequently performed throughout Europe in Italian, French and German. The French version, premiered at the Théâtre Odéon in Paris on 3 November 1826 is a major revision with added music from other works by the composer. It was given in New Orleans on 17 April 1854. There was a concert performance of the original Italian version at the Royal Festival Hall, London, in November 2002, and the opera was staged at the Festival della Valle d'Itria in 2017. A new critical edition of the score was published by Ricordi Berlin in 2015.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 14 November 1820|
Conductor: Giacomo Meyerbeer
|Margherita d'Anjou, widow of Henry VI of England||soprano||Carolina Pellegrini|
|Isaura, wife of the Duke of Lavarenne, disguised as Eugenio||mezzo-soprano||Rosa Mariani|
|The Duke of Lavarenne, Grand Senechal of Normandy||tenor||Nicola Tacchinardi|
|Carlo Belmonte, general banished by the Queen, currently employed by Gloucester||bass||Nicolas-Prosper Levasseur|
|Michele Gamautte, French physician||basso buffo||Nicola Bassi|
|Bellapunta, officer of the Queen||tenor||Pietro Gentili|
|Orner, officer of the Queen||bass|
|Riccardo, Duke of Gloucester||bass||Michele Cavara|
Scene: The highlands of Scotland, c. 1462
The widowed Queen Margherita, whose husband King Henry VI was driven off the throne and then killed in the English Civil War known as the Wars of the Roses, fled to France and has now returned to Britain with an army in an attempt to reclaim the throne on behalf of her son. She and her army met defeat in battle and she has been forced to retreat to the wilderness in Scotland with her remaining supporters. Among them are the French nobleman the Duke of Lavarenne, who fell in love with Margherita while she was in exile in France, and has left his wife to be with her. However his wife Isaura will not accept this, and, disguised as a man, has followed her husband to Scotland as an assistant to Gamautte, the French physician in waiting on the Queen. Riccardo, Duke of Gloucester, who drove Margherita's husband from the throne, has pursued her and her army to Scotland. Margherita attempts to evade him by disguising herself as a simple woman, the wife of Gamautte. The disguised Isaura has the disagreeable task of delivering love letters from her husband to Margherita in her disguise. Riccardo Duke of Gloucester sees through Margherita's disguise and seizes her son. Gamautte and the Duke of Lavarenne plot an attack to rescue Margherita and her son, which is successful. General Belmonte, who had switched allegiance from Margherita to Gloucester, returns to her service and Riccardo is defeated. The Queen and her son are saved, and the penitent Duke of Lavarenne returns to his forgiving wife.
Margherita d'Anjou is unique among Meyerbeer's Italian operas in featuring a role for a comic part, the basso buffo role of the physician Gamautte. The music for the singers demands virtuoso performances and includes a very unusual trio of basses.
- Buchler, Allen, "Opera: Highland Fling: Margherita d'Anjou at the RFH, 2 November 2002", 6 November 2002, ElectricReview.com via meyerbeer.com
- Maltra, Pia. "Alessandro Talevi offers an updated Margherita d'Anjou at the Festival della Valle d'Itria". bachtrack. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Margherita d´Anjou, 14 November 1820". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Letellier, Robert Ignatius (2006). The Operas of Giacomo Meyerbeer. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 363. ISBN 978-1611473285.
- Levine, Robert. "Meyerbeer: Margherita d'Anjou". Classics Today. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Giacomo Meyerbeer, Margherita d'Anjou, eds.: Paolo A. Rossini, Peter Kaiser; Giacomo Meyerbeer Werkausgabe, Abteilung 1, Band 7, Ricordi, Berlin, 2015, ISMN 979-02042-5606-8