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Margarita Iosifovna Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya (Russian: Маргари́та Ио́сифовна Воробьёва-Деся́товская; born 28 January 1933, in Leningrad) is a Russian Orientalist best known for her research on Central Asian manuscripts in the Sanskrit, Khotanese and Scythian languages. She retired as Curator of Central Asian manuscripts at the Institute of Oriental Studies, Saint Petersburg.
|Alma mater||Saint Petersburg State University|
|Fields||Central Asian manuscripts|
|Institutions||Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences|
Margarita Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya was born in Leningrad in 1933. She took her Indologist husband, Vladimir Vorobyov-Desyatovsky's last name upon marriage.
In 1950, she began studies at the Indian department of the Oriental School of the Leningrad State University, transferring to the Leningrad branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Oriental Studies. She obtained her candidate of science degree in 1966 with a dissertation on Tibetan grammar.
She worked as a senior researcher in the Tibetan division of the school, later joining the South and South-east Asian division. From 1982 to 2005, she was the head of the department of manuscripts of the school.
Her jubilee was celebrated in the Institute in 2013. She retired in 2014.
Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya focussed on Buddhist manuscripts as well as documents in Sanskrit, Khotanese and Scythian languages from East Turkestan, which were brought to Russia by 19th century expeditioners such as Sergey Oldenburg, M.M. Berezovsky and Pyotr Kozlov. Manuscripts were also obtained from Khara-Khoto and Dunhuang. These formed the basis for the large collection of Central Asian manuscripts in the Institute of Oriental Studies.
Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya published inscriptions from the Kara-tepe Buddhist monastery near Termez, as well as Mahayana texts from Turfan. She also published the Bairam-Ali manuscripts from the Merv oasis, a collection of Jataka-type tales in the Brahmi script dated to between the 2nd-5th centuries AD.
- The Kasyapaparivarta. Romanized Text and Facsimiles. Tokyo: Soka University. 2002.
- The Hindu Pantheon: An Introduction, Illustrated with 19th Century Indian Miniatures from the St. Petersburg Collection. Garnet. 1994. ISBN 978-1873938478.
- История Бхадры. Moscow: Nauka. 1956.
- "The prospects of the Lotus Sutra's study in context of the history of Buddhist philosophical thought". Proceedings of the 37th International Congress of Orientalists. 2004.
- "Становление индологии в России". История отечественного востоковедения (до середины 19 века). Moscow: Nauka. 1990.
- Y.A. Petrosyan, ed. (1988). "Рукописи в культуре Индии". Рукописи в культуре народов Востока. Moscow: Nauka.
- I.F. Popov (28 January 2013). "Юбилей М.И.Воробьевой-Десятовской". Institute of Oriental Studies. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- A.H. Dani; B.A. Litvinsky (1996). "The Kushano-Sasanian kingdom". In Ahmad Hasan Dani; B. A. Litvinsky (eds.). History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The crossroads of civilizations, A.D. 250 to 750. UNESCO. p. 118. ISBN 978-92-3-103211-0.
- Tansen Sen, ed. (2014). Buddhism Across Asia: Networks of Material, Intellectual and Cultural Exchange. 1. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 149. ISBN 978-981-4519-32-8.
- Timothy Lenz; Andrew Glass; Dharmamitra (Bhikshu.) (2003). A New Version of the Gāndhārī Dharmapada and a Collection of Previous-birth Stories: British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments 16 + 25. University of Washington. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-295-98308-0.