Marcus Servilius

Marcus Servilius was a Roman senator who was active during the reigns of the emperors Augustus and Tiberius. He was ordinary consul in AD 3 as the colleague of Lucius Aelius Lamia.

Servilius was the son of Marcus Servilius, plebeian tribune in 43 BC.[1] Both were descended from Gaius Servilius Geminus the praetor, who had renounced his patrician status.[2] The consul Servilius married the daughter of the Nonius, whom Mark Antony proscribed over the possession of a gem.[3] Their son was the historian Servilius Nonianus, himself consul in AD 35.[2]

Tacitus twice mentions Servilius in passing. The first time was when the emperor Tiberius assigned to him the entire estate of Patuleius, a wealthy equites, despite the fact that Patuleius had made the emperor heir to part of his fortune; this gift came in the year 17. In doing this, Tiberius commented that "noble rank ought to have the support of wealth", suggesting that Servilius was relatively impoverished compared to other senators.[4] The second mention was when Aemilia Lepida, ex-wife of Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, was on trial for adultery, attempted murder through poison, and use of astrology against the Imperial house. The emperor Tiberius, who presided over the case, compelled Servilius to provide testimony in defense of Quirinius.[5] Ronald Syme notes an inscription from Pisidian Antioch that suggests Servilius and Quirinius were possibly friends: the inscription records the two men as successive honorary duoviri of the city. "Quirinius had been Caesar's legate governing the province Galatia-Pamphylia," Syme writes. "What then was the rank and function that explains the honouring of Servilius? Perhaps a legate under Quirinius in his war against the Homonadenses. Perhaps rather governor of Galatia -- either before or after his consulship."[6]

Little is known about the rest of his life, nor when Servilius died.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ronald Syme, "The Historian Servilius Nonianus", Hermes, 92. Bd (1964), p. 410
  2. ^ a b Syme, "Servilius Nonianus", p. 409
  3. ^ Pliny the Elder, Natural History, XXXVII.81
  4. ^ Tacitus, Annals, II.48
  5. ^ Tacitus, Annals, III.22
  6. ^ Syme, "Servilius Nonianus", p. 412
Political offices
Preceded by
Publius Cornelius Lentulus Scipio,
and Titus Quinctius Crispinus Valerianus

as consules suffecti
Consul of the Roman Empire
AD 3
with Lucius Aelius Lamia
Succeeded by
Sextus Aelius Catus, and
Gaius Sentius Saturninus

as consules suffecti