Marchena Island

The island's name, Marchena Island, comes from the Spanish monk, Frey Antonio de Marchena.[1] It has an area of 130 km² and a maximum altitude of 343 meters.[2] The island is not set up for visitors, although the surrounding water is used by aquatic divers on organised tours.

Marchena Island
Marchena Island is located in Galápagos Islands
Marchena Island
Marchena Island
Geography
LocationGalápagos Islands, Ecuador
Coordinates0°21′N 90°30′W / 0.35°N 90.5°W / 0.35; -90.5Coordinates: 0°21′N 90°30′W / 0.35°N 90.5°W / 0.35; -90.5
ArchipelagoGalápagos Islands
Administration
ProvinceGalápagos Province
CantonSanta Cruz

People generally see the island as they sail around the northern part of Isabela on the way to Tower Island.[citation needed] Marchena is Tower Island's nearest neighbor, about 45 miles due west.[citation needed]


Like many of the Galápagos volcanos, Marchena has a caldera.[citation needed] Marchena's caldera is roughly elliptical and measures 7 by 6 kilometres (4 by 4 miles), within the range of caldera sizes of the large western volcanoes.[citation needed] Marchena's caldera is unusual, however, in that it has been almost completely filled with young lavas, some of which has spilled over and down the sides.[citation needed] The oldest lava pools go back 500,000 years.[citation needed]

Another reason why Isla Marchena is so famous is that, although it is uninhabited, it was embroiled in the ‘Floreana Mystery’.[citation needed] Here the dead bodies of Rudolf Lorenz and the captain of the ship he was on, washed up mysteriously on the shore of the island and were mummified naturally as there were no natural predators found here.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Marchena". Galapagos Conservancy. galapagos.org. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  2. ^ "MARCHENA ISLAND (BINDLOE), GALAPAGOS". Animal Corner. animalcorner.co.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2017.