Manuel v. Joliet, 580 U.S. ___ (2017), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court held that a criminal defendant may bring a claim under the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution to challenge pretrial confinement.[1] In a 6-2 majority opinion written by Justice Elena Kagan, the Court stated that "the Fourth Amendment governs a claim for unlawful pretrial detention even beyond the start of legal process".[2] This decision reversed and remanded the judgment of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals.[3] Justice Clarence Thomas wrote a dissenting opinion.[4] Justice Thomas also joined a dissenting opinion by Justice Samuel Alito.[5]

Manuel v. Joliet
Seal of the United States Supreme Court
Argued October 5, 2016
Decided March 21, 2017
Full case nameManuel v. City of Joliet, Illinois, et al.
Docket no.14-9496
Citations580 U.S. ___ (more)
137 S. Ct. 911; 197 L. Ed. 2d 312
Case history
PriorManuel v. Joliet, 590 F. App'x 641 (7th Cir. 2015); cert. granted, 136 S. Ct. 890 (2016).
ProceduralOn writ of certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
A criminal defendant may challenge his pretrial detention on the ground that it violated the Fourth Amendment (all other issues, including the claim’s timeliness, was left to the court below).
Court membership
Chief Justice
John Roberts
Associate Justices
Anthony Kennedy · Clarence Thomas
Ruth Bader Ginsburg · Stephen Breyer
Samuel Alito · Sonia Sotomayor
Elena Kagan
Case opinions
MajorityKagan, joined by Roberts, Kennedy, Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayor
DissentAlito, joined by Thomas
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. IV

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Manuel v. Joliet, No. 14-9496, 580 U.S. ___ (2017), slip. op. at 1.
  2. ^ Manuel v. Joliet, slip op. at 11.
  3. ^ Manuel v. Joliet, slip op. at 15.
  4. ^ Manuel v. Joliet, slip op. at 1 (Thomas, J., dissenting).
  5. ^ Manuel v. Joliet, slip op. at 1 (Alito, J., dissenting).

External linksEdit