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Manoao is a monotypic genus in the family Podocarpaceae. The single species, M. colensoi, known as manoao (Māori), silver pine, Westland pine, or white silver pine, is endemic to New Zealand. Before 1996 it was classified in genus Dacrydium or Lagarostrobos, but has recently been recognised as a distinct genus; some botanists still treat it in Lagarostrobos on the basis that it is not phylogenetically distinct from that genus. In molecular phylogenetic analyses Manoao was found to be related to Parasitaxus (a parasitic and monotypic genus from New Caledonia) and Lagarostrobos (a single species from Tasmania when narrowly defined), but their exact relationships are unresolved.[2]

Manoao colensoi 11.JPG
Manoao foliage
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Podocarpaceae
Genus: Manoao
M. colensoi
Binomial name
Manoao colensoi
(Hook.) Molloy

Manoao colensoi is a slow-growing evergreen tree up to 15 m (49 ft) in height, in shady, wet areas of New Zealand. It is a source of fine, straight and durable timber.


M. colensoi can be found in the North Island from Te Paki southwards to Mt Ruapehu.[3] However it is common only in the central North Island.[3] It is also found in the western South Island.[3]


  1. ^ Thomas, P. & Farjon, A. (2013). "Manoao colensoi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42482A2982206. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42482A2982206.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ Sinclair, W.T.; Mill, R.R.; Gardner, M.F.; Woltz, P.; Jaffré, T.; Preston, J.; Hollingsworth, M.L.; Ponge, A.; Möller, M. (2002-09-01). "Evolutionary relationships of the New Caledonian heterotrophic conifer, Parasitaxus usta (Podocarpaceae), inferred from chloroplast trn L-F intron/spacer and nuclear rDNA ITS2 sequences". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 233 (1–2): 79–104. doi:10.1007/s00606-002-0199-8. ISSN 0378-2697.
  3. ^ a b c Eagle, Audrey (2008). Eagle's complete trees and shrubs of New Zealand volume one. Wellington: Te Papa Press. p. 28. ISBN 9780909010089.