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Manfred Hermann Wörner (24 September 1934 in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt – 13 August 1994 in Brussels) was a German politician and diplomat. He served as the defense minister of West Germany between 1982 and 1988. He then served as the seventh Secretary General of NATO from 1988 to 1994. His term as Secretary General saw the end of the Cold War and the German reunification. Whilst serving in that position, he was diagnosed with cancer, but, in spite of his illness, continued serving until his final days.
|7th Secretary General of NATO|
1 July 1988 – 13 August 1994
|Preceded by||The Lord Carrington|
|Succeeded by||Sergio Balanzino (acting)|
|Federal Minister of Defence|
4 October 1982 – 18 May 1988
|Preceded by||Hans Apel|
|Succeeded by||Rupert Scholz|
|Deputy Chairman of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group in the Bundestag|
20 October 1969 – 13 December 1972
|Member of the Bundestag|
19 October 1965 – 30 June 1988
Manfred Hermann Wörner
24 September 1934
|Died||13 August 1994 (aged 59)|
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union (CDU)|
|Spouse(s)||Anna-Maria Casar (1972-1982)|
Elfrie Hartwig Reinsch (1982-1994)
|Alma mater||University of Heidelberg|
University of Paris
Ph.D. University of Munich
He grew up in his grandfather's house in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt and attended the Johannes-Kepler-Gymnasium there. He was married to Elfie Wörner, who was supporting several German army related humanitarian agencies, and who died of a tumor on 4 July 2006.
After graduation in 1953 he studied Law at Heidelberg, Paris, and Munich. He closed his studies 1957 with the first and 1961 the second Staatsexamen. He got his Dr. jur. in 1961 writing about International law. Afterwards he worked for the administration of Baden-Württemberg. He was a county official for Oehringen until 1962, for the Baden-Württemberg Landtag until 1965 and the County Göppingen. Wörner was a jet pilot and reserve officer of the Luftwaffe.
On 4 October 1982 he was appointed Federal Minister of Defence in Helmut Kohl's government. Wörner played an important role in defending NATO's decision to deploy intermediate-range ballistic missiles IRBM after arms reduction talks with the Soviet Union to reverse Soviet deployment of its SS-20 intermediate-range ballistic missiles IRBM from the years before.
In 1983, Wörner faced criticism due to the scandal surrounding German General Günter Kießling. The German military secret service had accused Kießling of being homosexual—this was later revealed to be a case of mistaken identity—and Wörner had ordered Kießling's early retirement, as homosexuality was considered a security risk at the time. Kießling insisted on disciplinary procedures against himself and eventually achieved his reinstatement. Wörner accepted political responsibility for the affair and on 18 May 1984 offered his resignation, which was however rejected by German Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
In December 1987, the sixteen members of NATO elected Wörner Secretary General. He was the first German to be appointed to that position. Resigning from his post in the German government, he took office on 1 July 1988.
An address given by Wörner in 1990 to the Bremer Tabak Collegium became a subject of a controversy when Vladimir Putin cited it in his 2007 speech at 43rd Munich Conference on Security Policy to claim that NATO made a promise not to expand eastward after the end of the Cold War.
In December 1972 Wörner married Anna-Maria Caesar. From 1982 until his death he was married with Elfie Wörner, née Reinsch (1941–2006).
Manfred Wörner MedalEdit
Since 1996, the Ministry of Defense has awarded the Manfred Wörner Medal on an annual basis to honour public figures who have rendered "special meritorious service to peace and freedom in Europe".
Since then it was given to:
- 1996 Richard Holbrooke, US diplomat and Special Envoy in Bosnia and Kosovo
- 1997 Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin, publisher and initiator of the Munich Conference on Security Policy
- 1998 Dr. Gerd Wagner (postmortem), for the implementation of the Dayton Agreement
- 1999 Dr. Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Minister of Defense of Poland
- 2000 Elizabeth Pond, American Journalist
- 2001 Karsten Voigt, Coordinator at the German State Department for the German-American Cooperation
- 2002 Javier Solana, the EU's foreign policy chief and former Secretary General of NATO
- 2003 Prof. Dr. Catherine McArdle Kelleher, U.S. Naval War College and former Head of the Aspen Institute Berlin
- 2005 Hans Koschnick
- 2006 Christian Schwarz-Schilling
- 2007 Martti Ahtisaari
- 2009 Jörg Schönbohm
- 2011 Hans-Friedrich von Ploetz, German diplomat
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manfred Wörner.|
- "Vor 10 Jahren: Manfred Wörner stirbt". Westdeutscher Rundfunk. 2004-08-13. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-01-18.
- "The Atlantic Alliance and European Security in the 1990s". Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Pushkov, Alexey. "Broken Promises". The National Interest. www.cftni.org. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
- "Did NATO Promise Not to Enlarge? Gorbachev Says "No"". The Brookings Institution. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "The Myth of a No-NATO-Enlargement Pledge to Russia - Spring 2009 | Center for Strategic and International Studies". csis.org. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Putin's Prepared Remarks at 43rd Munich Conference on Security Policy". The Washington Post. 12 February 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
| Federal Minister of Defence (Germany)
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
| Secretary General of NATO