Manfra are French bande dessinées that draw inspiration from Japanese manga.[1][2]

NomenclatureEdit

They are also known as franga, manga français and global manga (the later a more general term that includes other Western manga-inspired comics).[1][2]

CharacteristicsEdit

Most Manfra, such as Radiant, Dreamland, Wakfu, Debaser, etc. have a format similar to that of manga, but can be read left-to-right, such as with Wakfu, or right-to-left, such as with Radiant. Most if not all of the works that are generally designated as Manfra have an art style inspired by manga. Some Manfra, such as La Rose Ecarlate, have an art style inspired from manga while still being read left-to-right and having a hardcover bande dessinee format. Their stories sometimes reference those of manga as well.

PublishersEdit

WorksEdit

  • Actor's Studio[3] (fr)
  • Amilova[4] (fr)
  • Amour Sucré[1]
  • Appartement 44[5]
  • BB Project[6] (fr)
  • La Belle et la Bête (Delcourt) by Patrick Sobral
  • Bubble Gôm Gôm (Oktoprod editions) by Cyb
  • Burning Tattoo by Emmanuel Nhieu (Ankama Éditions)
  • Cassius (Kami) by Saïd Sassine
  • Catacombes[7] (fr)
  • Celle que... (fr)
  • City Hall[1] (fr)
  • Debaser[8] (fr)
  • Dofus, Dofus Arena and Dofus Monster (fr)
  • Dreamland[1] (fr)
  • Dys[9] (fr)
  • ElementR[10]
  • L'Équipe Z (Kotoji Éditions) by Ed Tourriol, Dan Fernandes and Albert Carreres
  • L'Escouade des ombres[11] (fr)
  • Golem (Olydri Éditions) de Alexis Talone
  • Goultard Bazar (fr)
  • Green Mechanic (Ki-oon)
  • Head-Trick (fr)
  • Horion
  • Kuma Kuma[12]
  • Lanfeust Quest
  • Lastman
  • Les Iles du vent by Elodie Koeger and Hector Poullet
  • Lost Soul[13]
  • Love I.N.C. (fr)
  • Magical JanKen Pon (fr)
  • Necromancer[14]
  • Omega Complex[15]
  • Pen Dragon (fr)
  • Pink Diary (fr)
  • Radiant[1]
  • La Rose écarlate (fr)
  • Save me Pythie (fr)
  • Sentaï School (fr)
  • Tengu-Dō (fr)
  • Les Torches d'Arkylon (fr)
  • Vis-à-Vis[16]
  • Le Visiteur du futur : La Brigade temporelle (Ankama Éditions) by François Descraques, Guillaume Lapeyre and Alexandre Desmassias
  • Vivant Human Specimen (fr)
  • Wakfu (Ankama Éditions)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Mangacast N°20 – Débat : Manga Français, qu'est-ce que c'est ? Quelle place sur le marché ?". Manga Sanctuary (in French). October 17, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Type : Global-Manga". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  3. ^ "Interview - Julien Blondel et Camilo Collao pour Actor's Studio". manga-news.com (in French). August 16, 2007. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "Amilova". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. ^ "L'auteur d'Appartement 44 en dédicace au Virgin de Rennes le 30 avril". Manga Sanctuary (in French). April 15, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  6. ^ "Mangas numériques chez Orange". manga-news.com (in French). May 9, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  7. ^ ""Catacombes", le 3ème manga de Vald". culturebox.francetvinfo.fr (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Debaser". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "DYS". bedetheque.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  10. ^ ""Element R 1 " de Myen, Bouveret & Tribout". sfmag.net (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Escouade des ombres (l')". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Des mangas français primés au festival international du manga". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  13. ^ "Rencontre avec Liaze & Moemai – Auteurs de Lost Soul". bdencre.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  14. ^ "Necromancer". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  15. ^ "Omega complex". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  16. ^ Mario (March 18, 2009). "Interview de Miya et Reno Lemaire, les fers de lance du manfra". actualitte.com (in French). Retrieved December 14, 2014.