Manchester Clayton (UK Parliament constituency)
Manchester Clayton was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Manchester. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Manchester Cheetham and Manchester Openshaw|
|Created from||Manchester East, Manchester North and Manchester North East|
The constituency was created as a result of the Report of the Boundary Commission in 1917, when it was recommended to be called "Manchester Newton Heath". However, when the Representation of the People Bill to give effect to the Commission's recommendations was debated in Parliament, the Government accepted an amendment to change the name to Clayton. The new constituency came into effect at the 1918 general election. Although Parliament had altered the recommended name, it retained the recommended boundaries, and was defined as consisting of three municipal wards of the county borough of Manchester, namely Beswick, Bradford and Newton Heath.
Constituencies throughout Great Britain were reorganised by the Representation of the People Act 1948, which introduced the term "borough constituency". Manchester, Clayton Borough Constituency was redefined to comprise four wards: Beswick, Bradford, Miles Platting and Newton Heath. Miles Platting had previously formed part of the Manchester Platting seat. The revised boundaries were first used in the 1950 general election.
Following a report by the boundary commissioners appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, constituencies in the Manchester area were reorganised in 1955. The Clayton constituency was abolished, with its area divided between the Manchester Cheetham and Manchester Openshaw seats.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1922 by-election||John Edward Sutton||Labour|
|1923||John Edward Sutton||Labour|
|1942 by-election||Harry Thorneycroft||Labour|
Politics of the constituencyEdit
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)
History of the constituencyEdit
Election in the 1910sEdit
|Unionist win (new seat)|
Election in the 1920sEdit
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+18.7|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+6.7|
|Liberal||Charles Herbert Travis||3,207||8.4||N/A|
Election in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+13.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.9|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Independent||E. H. Foot||636||6.7||N/A|
|Liberal National||Philip Smith||9,883||30.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||D H Broome||14,800||32.0||+1.4|
|Conservative||Marjorie S Grant||16,122||36.5||+4.5|
- "Parliamentary Borough of Manchester" in Schedule part II of "Report of the Boundary Commission (England and Wales), 1917", Cd. 8756.
- "Parliament", The Times, 30 November 1917, p. 12.
- Ninth Schedule, Part I: Parliamentary Boroughs, 1918 c.64 sch.9
- First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies, 1948 c.65 sch.1
- Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
- Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 419. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)