This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Manabendra Mukhopadhyay (Bengali: মানবেন্দ্র মুখোপাধ্যায়) was an Indian singer and music composer. Manabendra was born in Kolkata on 11 August 1931. His father’s name was Atulchandra Mukhopadhay. It is considered that during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s the Bengali modern songs reached its peak of excellence and that period is usually called the "Golden age of Bengali Adhunik Songs". At that time Bengal had a unique mix of singers which inspired composers and lyricists to create innumerable treasure of creative music. Each singer had his own inimitable style and compositions were made to match their individual ability. Bengali non-film modern songs were in fact was as popular, if not more, than film songs which also reached a level of popularity in the 1950s and 1960s.
Coming to limelight in the early 1950s Manabendra was an innovative and stylish singer who had a strong foundation in Indian classical music. With his distinctive voice, Manabendra was an instant hit with the audience. demonstrating great talent also as a composer, using the lyrics and melody of a song with good effect. At that time Bengali modern song world had the presence of some outstanding performers like Dhananjay Bhattacharya, Manna Dey, Satinath Mukherjee, Akhil Bandhu Ghosh, Hemanta Mukhopadhyay to name a few.
Early music careerEdit
Being inspired by uncle Sidheshwar Mukherjee and Ratneswar Mukherjee, Manabendra impressed the listeners with his first basic disc in 1953, titled Nai chondon Lekha Sriradhar chokhe nai nai shyamo rai. He released his two records nameed ’Phire Dekho Na’ and ‘Janina Tumi Kothay’ in association with HMV. The lyrics were written by Sidheswar Mukhopadhay. It was based on keertan andaz, and Manabendra was trained towards Keertans, Bhajans and Bhaktigeeti from the very early childhood. His uncles were trained classical experts and mainly due to their influence he came into the world of music. A number of his songs began to hit the airwaves including the romantic "Emni Kore Porbe Mone" (Lyrics -Shyamal Gupta), and semi classically bent "Ghumayona Saheli Go". Within a short span, Manabendra drew the attention of the erstwhile leading music composers of Bengal, namely Salil Chowdhury, Sudhin Dasgupta, Robin Chatterji, Anol Chatterji, Nochiketa Ghosh, Probir Mojumdar, Gyan Prakash Ghosh, Abhijeet Banerjee, and others. His successful songs include "Ami Parini bujhite parini",and 'Jodi Jante' composed by Salil Chowdhury, "Mayur Konthi Ratero nile" and "Tari Churite Je Rekhechhi Mon Shona Kore by Sudhin Dasgupta", 'Jodi Amake Dekho Tumi Udashi' and 'Sei Chokh Kothai Tomar' by Abhijit Banerjee, "Ei neel nirjan sagore" by Probir Majumdar, "Birohini Chiro Birohini" by Himangshu Dutta, "Bone Noy Mone Mor", 'Aha Na roy Na' by Dr. Nachiketa Ghosh, "Tomar Pother Prante Moner monideep jele rekhechi" and 'Tumi Phiraye Diyechho Bole' by Satinath Mukherjee.
His own compositions also continued to grab the attention of audience like "Ami Eto Je Tomai Bhalobesechhi", "Sei Bhalo Ei Basanta Noi" (1960) 'Rimjhim Baje Manjira Kar' 'Kato Asha Niye Tumi Esechhile' etc. The former became a huge hit and is cherished by audience even today. The proof of this is in the fact that many audio compilations from HMV still includes this song and it is played by many radio stations.
Manobendra Mukhopadhyay was also a great scholar in the songs of Kazi Nazrul Islam. He trained himself not only being inspired by his uncles, but he had a great enthusiasm also in Nazrul's songs being trained from Angurbala Devi, Indubala Devi, who were directly schooled in Nazrul's songs from Kazida in 1929-1942. Manobendra is the first man, who scored in his disc record of Nazrul's songs as Nazrulgeeti in mid-sixties of last century. So many Nazrulgeeti lured in his vocal expression and charmed the people of Bengal as well as Indians like, "Bagichay Bulbuli Tui", "Musafeer Mochh Re Ankhi Jol", "Akul Holi Keno", "Britha Tui Kahar Pare", "Aamar Nayone Krishno Nayantara", "Arunkanti Ke Go" etc, mainly based on the basic Indian raagas in classical touch. An enormous effort was achieved from his Nazrulgeeti, which may be considered as an Institution.
Manabendra made a debut in the film arena by becoming the music director for Uttam Kumar's film Chapadangar Bou, (1954), where the songs were written by eminent writer Tarashankar Bandopadhyay. Before this he did a cameo in Uttam Kumar starrer film Sharey Chuattor and also sang a song in it. In Chapadangar Bou Manabendra brought in the flavour of Mahadev's Gajon, that are sung in villages in Bengal with the song 'Shibo He Shibo He'.According to Manabendra (in an old television interview) he gave his audition as a music director at Tarashankar's house as the writer wanted to hear the tunes. The song mentioned earlier was composed at his house on spot.
In 1958, Robin Chattopadhyay composed music for a film titled 'Lalu Bhulu', the story of two handicapped boys. The film was highly successful in Bengal and Manabendra sang these songs with great efficiency. 'Jar Hiya akasher nil nilimay', 'Dukho amar Shesh kore dao probhu', 'Surjo tomar Sonaar toron kholo', 'Dukher pothe naai jodi', 'Ei pran jharona jaglo. The lyrics were penned by Sailen Ray.
In another film 'Nilachale Mahaprabhu' celebrated composer Raichand Boral invited him to sing kirtans of Lord Chaitanya and the song 'Jagannath Jagat Bandhu' made the audiences spellbound. However, Manabendra credits a song in 'Nabajanma'-Ore mon majhi'to be his first hit in films.
Manobendra himself composed music in a number of Bengali films including 'Mayamrigo'(1960), 'Badhu'(1962), 'Jato Mat Tato Path', 'Joy Jayanti', (1970), 'Godhuli Belay', (1965), 'Sudur niharika', (1978) etc. Due to Manabendra's classical potential composers showed the courage of composing pure classical numbers in Bengali films like 'Rajoni pohale sojoni kothay' by Anil Bagchi in the film 'Shashibabur Sangsar', (1960), 'Andhare' by Gyan Prokash Ghosh in the film Basant Bahar, (1958).
In the 1970s also, Manabendra had sung notable songs like 'Ei Ganga ei Padda' (1970), ‘Halka megher palki', 'Hajar jonom dhore', 'Oi moushumi mon shudhu rong bodlai', etc. In the 1980s Manabendra concentrated on Nazrul geeti and Bag bajarer gaan and there also emerged as a winner. Manabendra Mukherjee's songs in Bagbajarer gaan include the creations of late eighteenth century written by Bhola Moira, Khirod Prasad, Girish Chandra Ghosh etc., titled "Bagbajarer Sidheswarir Annopurnar Ghat","Bandhona Torikhani", "Jaigo Oi Bajae Bashi Pran Kemon Kore","Ki Diye Pujibo Bolo Ki Achhe Amar", etc. He portrayed the style of singing that used to be exhibited 100 years back at the shore of Ganges in Kolkata. The songs show the other dimension of Manabendra Mukherjee.
He died on 19 January 1992. According to many, Manabendra Mukhopadhyay did not get the recognition he deserved which happened to a number of classical singers during the golden age.
He had married to Bela Mukhopadhyay and he was father to Manasi Mukhopadhyay, who is a singer in her own rights at present. She was born in the year 1966.
Bengali filmography as a composerEdit
- 1954 CHAMPADANGAR BOU
- 1956 DHULAR DHARANI
- 1971 SACHIMAR SANSAR
- 1955 DATTAK
- 1966 UTTAR PURUSH
- 1964 KALSROT
- 1979 JATO MAT TATO PATH
- 1965 PATI SANGSHODHANI SAMITI
- 1975 SUDUR NIHARIKA
- 1980 KALO CHOKHER TARA
- 1978 NISHKRITI
- 1960 MAYA MRIGA
- 1955 SANJHER PRADEEP
- 1983 INDIRA
- 1954 MANI-AAR-MANIK
- 1962 SHUBHODDRISTI
- 1955 HRAD
- 1964 GODHULI BELA
- 1962 RAKTA PALASH
- 1964 KASHTIPATHAR
- 1962 BODHU
- 1964 ANUSTUP CHHANDA
- 1965 MUKHUJYE PARIBAR
- 1961 MAA
- 1971 JOYJAYANTI
- 1974 DEBI CHOUDHRANI
- 1976 AGUNER PHULKI
- McDermott, Rachel Fell (2001). Singing to the goddess: poems to Kālī and Umā from Bengal. Oxford University Press US. pp. 181–. ISBN 978-0-19-513433-9. Retrieved 10 August 2011.