Malvina is a feminine given name derived from the Scottish Gaelic Mala-mhìn, meaning "smooth brow". It was popularized by the 18th century Scottish poet James Macpherson. Other names popularised by Macpherson became popular in Scandinavia on account of Napoleon, an admirer of Macpherson's Ossianic poetry, who was the godfather of several children of Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, an officer of his who ruled Norway and Sweden in the early 19th century.
- Thomas Campbell's poem Lord Ullin's Daughter was translated into the Russian language by the Romantic poet Vasiliy Zhukovsky. In Zhukovsky's translation, the title character, who is left unnamed in Campbell's original, is given the name Malvina, which the Russian poet likely borrowed from James Macpherson's Ossian. Vladimir Nabokov has translated Zhukovsky's translation into English to demonstrate the changes that were made.
- Malvina Bolus (1906–1997), Canadian historian, art collector, editor of the Hudson's Bay Company magazine "The Beaver"
- Malvina Garrigues (Schnorr von Carolsfeld) (1825–1904), Danish-German operatic soprano
- Malvina Hoffman (1887–1966), American sculptor
- Malvina Longfellow (1889–1962), American stage and silent movie actress
- Malvina Major (born 1943), New Zealand singer
- Malvina Pastorino (1916-1994), Argentine film actress
- Malvina Reynolds (1900–1978), American folk/blues singer-songwriter and political activist
- Malvina Shanklin Harlan (1839–1916), American wife of a U.S. Supreme Court Justice, grandmother of another U.S. Supreme Court Justice, and author of a 1915 memoir
- Malvina Bovi Van Overberghe (1900–1983), Belgian operatic soprano known as Vina Bovy
- Malvina Evalyn Wood (1893–1976), Australian university librarian and college warden
- Malvina, the girl with blue hair – a doll-heroine from Aleksey Tolstoy's 1936 book The Golden Key, or the Adventures of Buratino
- Cameron, Dugald; Gillies, John; Matheson, William; McDonell, George (1786). Sean Dain, Agus Orain Ghaidhealach. Perth. p. 29.
- Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A dictionary of first names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, pp. 180, 406, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.
- Vladimir Nabokov (2008), Verses and Versions: Three Centuries of Russian Poetry, Harcourt, Inc.. Pages 52-57.