Open main menu

Malartic (or Général Malartic, or General Malartique), was a French privateer ship, famous for her exploits while under the command of Captain Jean-Marie Dutertre. The British captured her in 1800, ending her brief, but productive privateering career.

History
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Malartic
Namesake: Governor Malartic of Mauritius
Commissioned: July 1799
Captured: November 1800
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 150[1] (bm)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 100-120[2]
Armament: 12 × 8-pounder guns + 2 × 42-pounder carronades[2]

CareerEdit

Malartic was commissioned in July 1799.[3]

She undertook a cruise from July 1799 to March 1800,[3] capturing the former East Indiaman Princess Royal.[4] She also captured the former East Indiaman Thomas, and in the same cruise, the ships Surprise, Joyce, and Lord Hobart.[5][Note 1] Malartic arrived back at Mauritius on 9 March.[7]

On 10 September 1799 Général Malartic visited the Seychelles to annul the capitulation by raising the French flag.

On 28 November, Général Malartic captured Surprise near Madras.[Note 2] Surprize's crew was taken to the Seychelles from where Success, Jean-François Hodoul, master, took them to Mauritius; they arrived on 28 January 1800.

On 6 March (or February) Malartique captured Albion, Smith, master, at 20°24′N 90°0′E / 20.400°N 90.000°E / 20.400; 90.000. A few days earlier Malartique had captured a vessel belonging to the King of Travancore. The privateer put Smith and his crew aboard the captured vessel after Smith had promised to sail to Tranquebar.[9]

On 22 March Fataslem, an English ship that Malartic had captured on 25 December 1799, arrived at Mauritius. She was carrying a cargo of "calin", pepper, sago, arrack, etc.[7]

In July 1800, Malartic sailed for a second cruise,[3] capturing the ships Frederic North, Amboyna, Alkias, and Malava. She later captured Governor North (which is almost surely the same vessel as Frederic North, both being named for Governor Frederick North, who served between 1798 and 1805 as the first British civilian governor of Ceylon),[Note 3] Marquis de Wellesley,[Note 4] and a brig, before returning to Mauritius, where she arrived with her prizes on 21 September 1800.[12]

Malartic captured Marquis de Wellesley near Visakhapatnam on 10 September. Marquis de Wellesley arrived at Mauritius on 28 October. She was carrying 200,000 livres of wheat, rice, and the like.[7]

Malartic's last capture was Mermaid, Captain Garden, which had been sailing from Calcutta to Rangoon. Dutarte detained her for several days, plundered her, and then permitted her to proceed on her voyage.[1]

Malartic encountered and engaged in an action with the American vessel Rebecca, purchased at Calcutta and sailing for Baltimore under the command of Captain John W. Bronaugh. Rebecca, of about 1000 tons burthen was armed with eighteen 9-pounder guns and carried a well-armed crew of 85 men. The engagement lasted about 2 hours and 45 minutes before Malartic, much battered in her masts and sails, eventually took to her sweeps to escape. In the action Rebecca had no casualties. Newspaper accounts reported that Malartic had 25 men killed and 16 wounded.[13]

CaptureEdit

The East Indiaman Phoenix captured Malartic on 10 November 1800 in the Bay of Bengal at 20°15′N 91°18′E / 20.250°N 91.300°E / 20.250; 91.300, which is about 200 km SSW of Cox's Bazar.[12][14][15] Phoenix was prepared to resist a more formidable opponent. She had her guns double-shotted, and the troops that she was transporting stayed concealed on the poop until Malartic approached to board. At that point Phoenix fired a broadside into Malartic, and the troops revealed themselves. Dutertre immediately struck. The only casualty on Phoenix was a man who suffered a broken leg from the recoil of a carronade. Captain William Moffat of Phoenix reported that Malartic had lost two surgeons, the boatswain, and several crew members killed in the action with Rebecca; Moffat did not report any casualties on Malartic from her encounter with Phoenix.[1]

The British took Dutertre prisoner; he was eventually released under the Treaty of Amiens in 1803.[3][12] Moffat, master of Phoenix, took General Malartic with him to Bengal.[2] He put a prize crew aboard Malartic and took her crew on board Phoenix where passengers and the officers of the 88th Regiment of Foot traveling on her stood watch over them.[1]

The Court of Directors of the British East India company awarded Moffat 500 guineas and the officers and crew of Phoenix £2000 to be divided among them for "their gallant conduct in engaging and capturing the ship General Malartic."[16]

Notes, citations, and referencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ There is no corroborating evidence that Thomas had ever sailed for the British East India Company.[6]
  2. ^ Surprize was a galley belonging to the Nawab of Arcot.[8]
  3. ^ Governor North was a brig of 250 tons (bm), built at Chittagong in 1800, and reported captured.[10] Frederic Nord, captured 2 January 1801, arrived at Mauritius on 11 February with a cargo of cowries.[7] Frederick North became Ville De Lyon.[11]
  4. ^ Name probably translated from English, though it is not clear what vessel this was. Another source gives the name Marquess Wellesley, but this does not shed any more light.

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Asiatic Annual Review, "Chronicle for November 1800", pp.46-7.
  2. ^ a b c Lloyd's List, №4146.
  3. ^ a b c d Demerliac (2003), p. 311, №2931.
  4. ^ Gallois, p. 405
  5. ^ Gallois, p. 406
  6. ^ Hackman (2001).
  7. ^ a b c d Piat (2007), p. 93.
  8. ^ Malleson (1878), p. 102.
  9. ^ Bell's Weekly Messenger (London, England), Sunday, 2 November 1800; Issue 236.
  10. ^ Phipps (1840), p.176.
  11. ^ fibis: "British guns in Burma". Accessed 11 October 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Gallois, p. 407.
  13. ^ Stull, Harry N. "Our 'Partial' War with France". Harper's Monthly Magazine. Vol. 132, p.39.
  14. ^ "No. 15397". The London Gazette. 15 August 1801. p. 1006.
  15. ^ James, William, (1837), The naval history of Great Britain...Volume 3, Richard Bentley, London, pp.386, p.329
  16. ^ Edinburgh Magazine: Or Literary Miscellany, Volume 20, p.235.

References

  • Demerliac, Alain (2003). Nomenclature des navires français (in French). 1792-1799. Nice: Éditions A.N.C.R.E.
  • Gallois, Napoléon (1847). Les Corsaires français sous la République et l'Empire (in French). 2. Julien, Lanier et compagnie.
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0-905617-96-7
  • James, William; Chamier, Frederick (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain: From the Declaration of War by France In 1793 to the Accession of George IV. London, UK: R. Bentley. OCLC 656581450.
  • Malleson, George Bruce (1878) Final French Struggles in India and on the Indian Seas: Including an Account of the Capture of the Isles of France and Bourbon, and Sketches of the Most Eminent Foreign Adventurers in India Up to the Period of that Capture : with an Appendix Containing an Account of the Expedition from India to Egypt in 1801. (W.H. Allen).
  • Phipps, John, (of the Master Attendant's Office, Calcutta), (1840) A Collection of Papers Relative to Ship Building in India ...: Also a Register Comprehending All the Ships ... Built in India to the Present Time .... (Scott).
  • Piat, Denis (trans: Mervyn North-Coombes) (2007) Pirates and Corsairs in Mauritius. (Christian le Comte). ISBN 978-99949-905-3-5