|City-state existed:||1st century AD|
Malao (Ancient Greek: Μαλαὼ) was an ancient proto-Somali port city in present-day Somaliland. The town was situated on the site of what later became the city of Berbera. It was a key trading member involved in the Red Sea-Indian Ocean commerce in the early centuries CE. The town also maintained an important monetary market for merchants exchanging goods in the currencies of the Roman Empire.
History and tradeEdit
"After Avalites there is another market-town, better than this, called Malao, distant a sail of about eight hundred stadia. The anchorage is an open roadstead, sheltered by a spit running out from the east. Here the natives are more peaceable. There are imported into this place the things already mentioned, and many tunics, cloaks from Arsinoe, dressed and dyed; drinking-cups, sheets of soft copper in small quantity, iron, and gold and silver coin, not much. There are exported from these places myrrh, a little frankincense, (that known as far-side), the harder cinnamon, duaca, Indian copal and macir, which are imported into Arabia; and slaves, but rarely."— Chap.8.
Other than Arabia, goods were also purchased and transported to the Greek, Roman and Egyptian empires. Malao gained its high level of trade from its nexus position, by being the closest African port to Arabia and the more peaceful nature of the city, as compared to other potential trade areas.
- Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, 7
- Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, 9
- Ptolemaeus, Geography, 4.7.10
- Ray, Himanshu Prabha (2003). The Archaeology of Seafaring in Ancient South Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 209. ISBN 0521011094.
- Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Schoff's 1912 translation
- Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia Stanley, B, E. 2007. Retrieved: 17/05/18
- The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean: The Ancient World Economy McLaughlin, R. 2014. Retrieved: 17/05/18