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Malad River (Gooding County, Idaho)

The Malad River is river located entirely within Gooding County, Idaho, United States and is a tributary of the Snake River. It is formed by the confluence of the Big Wood River [Note 1] and the Little Wood River near Gooding. From there the river flows south and west for 12.0 miles (19.3 km)[3] to join the Snake River near Hagerman.[2]

Malad River
Big Wood River, Riviera Malades, Sickly River
River
Country United States
State Idaho
Region Gooding County
Tributaries
 - left Little Wood River
 - right Big Wood River
Source Confluence of the Big Wood River & Little Wood River
 - elevation 3,460 ft (1,055 m) [1]
 - coordinates 42°56′42″N 114°47′46″W / 42.94500°N 114.79611°W / 42.94500; -114.79611 [2]
Mouth Snake River
 - elevation 2,703 ft (824 m) [1]
 - coordinates 42°51′45″N 114°54′18″W / 42.86250°N 114.90500°W / 42.86250; -114.90500Coordinates: 42°51′45″N 114°54′18″W / 42.86250°N 114.90500°W / 42.86250; -114.90500 [2]
Length 12.0 mi (19 km) [3]
Basin 3,000 sq mi (7,770 km2) [4]
Discharge for near Hagerman
 - average 286 cu ft/s (8.10 m3/s) [4]
 - max 6,400 cu ft/s (181.23 m3/s)
 - min 0 cu ft/s (0.00 m3/s)

The river flows through Thousand Springs State Park, where it tumbles down a stairstep waterfall. The Malad Gorge is 250 feet (76 m) deep and 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long.

The river's flow is affected by numerous reservoirs and irrigation works on its tributaries. The Malad River itself is largely diverted into a power flume that enters the Snake below the mouth of the Malad, via a powerhouse. Below the diversion the Malad River is replenished by numerous springs, yet the average flow above the diversion is higher than at the river's mouth.[4]

The Malad River is part of the Columbia River basin, being a tributary of the Snake River, which is a tributary to the Columbia River.[5]

The name of the river stems from French malade, via Rivière aux Malades ('river of the sick'), presumably as a reference to some illness suffered by early French-Canadian trappers who investigated the area.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ One of the main tributaries of the Big Wood River is the Camas Creek. What makes that interesting is that one of the tributaries of that Camas Creek (not to be confused with at least four other Camas Creeks in Idaho) is also called the Malad River, thus making the Malad River and tributary of the Malad River.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Google Earth elevation for GNIS coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Malad River
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed 3 May 2011
  4. ^ a b c Water Resource Data, Idaho, 2005, USGS.
  5. ^ Malad River Stage Station slide show [1] Accessed 23 Feb 2009
  6. ^ George R. Stewart. A Concise Dictionary of American Place-Names. 

External linksEdit

  Media related to Malad River (Gooding County, Idaho) at Wikimedia Commons