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Malcolm Arthur Colston (5 April 1938 – 23 August 2003) was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for Queensland from 1975 to 1999. He was a member of the Labor Party until 1996, when he resigned to sit as an independent following a dispute over his candidacy for Deputy President of the Senate. Colston was a schoolteacher before entering politics, and held a doctorate in educational psychology from the University of Queensland.
Dr Mal Colston
|Senator for Queensland|
13 December 1975 – 30 June 1999
|Born||5 April 1938|
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
|Died||23 August 2003 (aged 65)|
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
|Political party||Labor (1958–96) |
Queensland First (1996–99)
|Spouse(s)||Dawn Patricia McMullen|
|Alma mater||University of Queensland|
|Occupation||Teacher, public servant|
Colston was born in Brisbane and joined the Labor Party at the age of 19 and held several branch positions in the party. He was unsuccessfully nominated for selection as a Senate candidate at the age of 23.
He qualified as a teacher and taught in several primary schools while he completed a doctorate in educational psychology at the University of Queensland. He failed on two further occasions to gain Senate selection. He later wrote a book, The Odd One Out, about his political experiences.
Role in 1975 constitutional crisisEdit
Colston indirectly played a role in the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis.
On 30 June 1975, Queensland ALP Senator Bertie Milliner died suddenly. The Labor Party nominated Colston to fill the casual vacancy in the Senate. The Constitution provides that a Senate casual vacancy is filled by a person chosen by the relevant state parliament. Although not a constitutional requirement until 1977, it was long a convention for the state parliament to choose a person nominated by the departing Senator's political party. However, the Premier of Queensland, Joh Bjelke-Petersen, claimed that Colston was a "dangerous socialist" and refused to appoint him. Officially, though, Bjelke-Petersen expressed doubts over Colston's integrity and instead appointed Albert Field, a member of the Labor Party who was staunchly opposed to the policies of the Gough Whitlam Labor government.
The ALP challenged Field's appointment in the High Court, and Field was on leave from the Senate almost from the day of his appointment. That gave the Coalition a greater advantage and so was one of the crucial events that led to the dismissal of the Whitlam government.
At the ensuing 1975 election, Colston was elected as a Labor senator. He continued to serve in that capacity until 1996.
Resignation from Labor PartyEdit
After the 1996 election, the Labor Party refused to nominate Colston to become Deputy President of the Senate, a position he had previously held from 1990 to 1993. In a bid to win him over, the Howard Coalition government offered to support him. Colston resigned from the Labor Party by fax message at 11:30 a.m., on 20 August, and he took his seat as an independent that afternoon. In the evening, he was elected Deputy President, on the nomination of the Coalition. He opposed the Coalition's industrial relations package, but he voted for the sale of a third of Telstra and some other government initiatives. Colston then sat as a "Queensland First" senator.
Travel allowances scandalEdit
In 1997, Colston was charged by the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions with 28 charges of defrauding the Commonwealth by allegedly misusing his parliamentary travel allowance. He then revealed that he was suffering from cancer. Prosecution was not pursued after medical opinion was provided that Colston was unlikely to live long enough for a trial to be completed. In the event, he survived for a further six years. He retired from the Senate at the end of his term.
Death and estateEdit
Colston died of colon cancer in 2003. He had appointed his wife, Dawn Colston, as executor and trustee of his will, but she died eleven months later, before she could dispose of her husband's will. She had appointed her brother, Brian McMullen, as executor of her will.
The Colstons' son, Douglas Colston, then initiated legal action against McMullen and claimed that he was entitled to half the income of his parents' estates. The case was ongoing, as of September 2011.
- Dickenson, Jacqueline (2007). "Mal Colston: The worst rat of the lot?". Australian Society for the Study of Labour History. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010.
- Turncoat turned into a footnote - Obituary in the Sydney Morning Herald, 26-Aug-2003
- Oberhardt, Mark (24 April 2012). "Court of Appeal grants son of Senator Mal Colston fresh rights to pursue control of estate". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
|Parliament of Australia|
| Father of the Australian Senate
with Brian Harradine