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1952 Maine gubernatorial election

The 1952 Maine gubernatorial election took place on September 8, 1952. Incumbent Republican Governor Frederick G. Payne was term limited and seeking election to the United States Senate, thus did not run. Maine Senate President Burton M. Cross faced off against Democratic challenger, former Congressman James C. Oliver (who served in Congress as a Republican) and Independent Neil Bishop in the general election, easily defeating both men. Burton's election was the ninth consecutive victory for the Republicans in Maine gubernatorial races.

Maine gubernatorial election, 1952

← 1950 September 8, 1952 1954 →
  BurtonMCross.jpg James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
Nominee Burton M. Cross James C. Oliver
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 128,532 113,298
Percentage 52.08% 45.51%

County results
  Counties won by Oliver
  Counties won by Cross

Governor before election

Nathaniel Haskell

Elected Governor

Burton M. Cross

The period after the election itself was rather unusual. Cross actually became Governor about two weeks prior to the start of his elected term of office – the outgoing Governor, Frederick G. Payne had resigned on December 25, 1952 to prepare for his term in the United States Senate. Cross, as President of the Senate became Governor through constitutional succession. Cross himself resigned as Senate President (and Governor) at 10:00am January 6, 1953 and was replaced for the next 25 hours by Nathaniel Haskell. At 11:00am on January 7, 1953, Cross' official elected term of office began.


1952 Gubernatorial Election, Maine[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Burton M. Cross 128,532 52.08 -
Democratic James C. Oliver 82,538 33.44% -
Independent Neil Bishop 35,732 14.48% -
Majority 45,994 18.64%


  1. ^ Guide to US Elections, Fifth Edition, Volume II. CQ Press. 2005. pp. 1497–1499. ISBN 978-1-56802-981-8. Retrieved 2009-05-12.