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James Churchill Oliver (August 6, 1895 – December 25, 1986) was a U.S. Representative from Maine.

James C. Oliver
James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1943
Preceded bySimon M. Hamlin
Succeeded byRobert Hale
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1961
Preceded byRobert Hale
Succeeded byPeter A. Garland
Personal details
Born
James Churchill Oliver

(1895-08-06)August 6, 1895
South Portland, Maine
DiedDecember 25, 1986(1986-12-25) (aged 91)
Orlando, Florida
Political partyRepublican / Democratic
Alma materBowdoin College

Born in South Portland, Maine, Oliver attended the public schools. Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, A.B., 1917. During the First World War enlisted on June 4, 1917, attended the Plattsburg Barracks Training Camp, and was commissioned a captain on November 27, 1917. He was promoted to major of Infantry on October 9, 1918, and transferred to the Inspector General's Department until honorably discharged on July 22, 1919. He engaged in the general insurance business in Portland, Maine from 1930 to 1937. He served as member of the board of aldermen of South Portland, Maine, in 1932 and 1933.

Oliver was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-fifth, Seventy-sixth, and Seventy-seventh Congresses (January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1943). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1942. He served as lieutenant commander in the United States Coast Guard from January 26, 1943, to April 23, 1946. In 1946 engaged in the real estate and insurance business in Maine and California. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for governor in 1952. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress in 1954 and 1956. He unsuccessfully contested the election of Robert Hale to the Eighty-fifth Congress in 1956.

Oliver was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-sixth Congress (January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1961). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1960 to the Eighty-seventh Congress. He served as delegate to Democratic National Convention, 1960. Real estate developer in Cape Elizabeth, Maine. He moved to Orlando, Florida, where he died December 25, 1986.

ReferencesEdit

  • United States Congress. "James C. Oliver (id: O000074)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Simon M. Hamlin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st congressional district

1937-1943
Succeeded by
Robert Hale
Preceded by
Robert Hale
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st congressional district

1959-1961
Succeeded by
Peter Garland