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The Maiden Way or Maidenway (Middle EnglishMaydengathe; Medieval Latin: Via Puellarum) was a roughly 20-mile (32 km) Roman road in northern Britain connecting the Roman fort of Bravoniacum (Kirkby Thore) near Penrith with that of Magnae (Carvoran) on Hadrian's Wall. It was sometimes considered to have run east along Stanegate to Banna (Birdoswald), then 7 miles (11 km) north to the Shrine of Cocidius (Bewcastle), and thence to Liddesdale,[1][2] but the identity of this course as a single road is problematic.[3]

In 2016, it was reported that investigations using LIDAR technology by the Environment agency for the purposes of flood mapping and other environmental management were providing data showing the existence of underground archaeological features including Roman roads. This included a continuation of the Maiden Way southwards from Kirkby Thore to the Roman fort at Low Borrowbridge near Tebay.[4]

Bravoniacum was a waypoint on the northern leg of the Roman-era Watling Street connecting Luguvalium (Carlisle) with Eboracum (York) and points south. Magnae was one of the waypoints on the Stanegate beside Hadrian's Wall. As such, the Maiden Way served as a shortcut for supplying the central and eastern areas of the Wall. It also provided supplies to the lead and silver mines near Epiacum (Whitley Castle).[5]

Following the End of Roman rule in Britain, it was used as a drovers' road.[2] The route was probably named for the "Maiden Castle"[6] guarding the pass at Verterae (Brough).[7]

The Pennine Way footpath follows the line of the Maiden Way for several miles on a roughly north-south route across Lambley Common in Northumberland, above the west bank of the river South Tyne. Immediately north of this stretch, a modern minor road follows the line of the Maiden Way for several miles to the west of Featherstone Castle.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "An Introduction to Roads and Travel in the Anglo-Scottish Borderlands of the Cheviot Region" (PDF). The Archaeological Practice. 2009. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-20.
  2. ^ a b Michie, Alexander (1863). "A Chapter on Old Local Bridges". Transactions of the Hawick Archaeological Society. Hawick: James Haining & Co.: 73.
  3. ^ Haverfield, Francis John (1897), "Report of the Cumberland Excavation Committee, 1895", Transactions of the Cumberland&Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, Kendal: T. Wilson, XIV (Part II): 428&nbsp, ff.
  4. ^ "Lasers reveal 'lost' Roman roads". gov.uk. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  5. ^ Frodsham, Paul (2013). "Altogether Archaeology Fieldwork Module 3a: Maiden Way Roman Road Kirkby Thore Geophyics" (PDF). Northern Pennines AONB Partnership. Retrieved 20 February 2015..
  6. ^ Norgate, Martin (2014). "Old Cumbria Gazetteer: Maiden Way". Portsmouth: Portsmouth University. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  7. ^ "Roxburghshire". The Topographical, Statistical, and Historical Gazetteer of Scotland. II. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton & Co. 1853. p. 624.

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