Mahesh Chandra Bhattacharyya

Mahesh Chandra Bhattacharya (1 December 1858 – 10 February 1944)[1] was a Bengali businessperson, dealing in Homeopathic medicines.[2]

Mahesh Chandra Bhattacharya
Born(1858-12-01)1 December 1858
Died10 February 1944(1944-02-10) (aged 85)
Calcutta, British India
OccupationHomeopathic medicine Business
Known forSocial works
Spouse(s)Harasundari Bhattacharya

Early lifeEdit

Mahesh Chandra Bhattacharya was born on 1 December 1958 at Bitghar, Comilla in Bengal Presidency during British rule in India (now in Nabinagar upazila, Brahmanbaria District, Bangladesh). His father Ishwar Chandra Tarka Siddhanta was a scholar and his mother Rammala Devi was a devout woman. Mahesh was influenced by the virtues in his parents. Due to poverty, he could not get institutional education; rather studied at home.


In 1883, he came to Calcutta and founded M. Bhattacharyya & Co. in 1889 to sell homeopathy and allopathy medicines.[3] Later, he opened branches at Comilla and Dhaka.

But practicing austerities, Mahesh Chandra carried out the philanthropic activities as well. He devoted for social welfare activities particularly for spending education. In the memory of his father, he established Ishwar Pathshala for the poor in Comilla town in 1914. Besides, he established Rammala Library and Rammala Hostel at Shaktola of Comilla town in 1912 and 1916 respectively in memory of his mother. The library was considered as the Lighthouse of undivided India. By his initiative, Nivedita Girl's School and Nivedita Girls' Hostel were established in Comilla for fostering women education. In his own village, he established Shiksha Sangsad. He also established Iswhar Patshala Tol at Kashidham in Varanasi, India. In order to mitigate the scarcity of drinking water in those days, he dug pond in his own village. While in a pilgrimage, he helped the famine stricken people at Baidyanath. At that time, he used to serve food around 400 to 500 people daily. During the winter, he used to distribute clothes to the poor. For the convenience of the travelers, he set up a passenger-hostel named by Kalighat Hostel at Calcutta in 1935, where the passengers could stay for 4/5 days on gratis. He set up a Dharmasala after the name of his wife Harashundari Devi in Varanasi. Like distinguished persons, namely Mahendralal Sarkar, Brajendranath Bandyopadhyay, Akshay Kumar Datta and Batakrishna Pal of Bengal, he used to spend a great portion of income from the business towards selfless help and empathy towards the poor in the form of treatment, free distribution of drugs and other materials and ways.


He published four books for Homeopathic treatments in Bengali, English and other Indian languages and wrote a biography "Atmakatha" (My Life).[4] The books in Bengali language are;

  • Parbarik Chikitsa
  • Streerog Chikitsa
  • Homeopathic Olaotha Chikitsa
  • Paribarik Bhesajtatwa


In his memory with the contribution from his family firm M Bhattacharya & Co Pvt Ltd, 'Mahesh Bhattacharya Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital' established in 1967 in Howrah (West Bengal).[5] The 'Bitghar Danbeer Mahesh Chandra Vidyapith' at his native place in Bangladesh has been upgraded as College.


Mahesh Bhattacharya died on 10 February 1944 at Varanasi, British India at the age of 86.


  1. ^ Ray, Prasanta (27 April 2018). The Sociology of Greed: Runs and Ruins in Banking Crises. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-429-01658-5.
  2. ^ Subodhchandra Senguta & Anjali Bose (2016). Sansad Bengali Charitabhidhan Vol.I. Sahitya Sansad,Kolkata. p. 562. ISBN 978-81-7955-135-6.
  3. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India. Times of India. 1990.
  4. ^ Das, Shinjini (14 March 2019). Vernacular Medicine in Colonial India: Family, Market and Homoeopathy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-42062-4.
  5. ^ ":: Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital ::". Retrieved 2 January 2021.