Magnis (Carvoran)

  (Redirected from Magnae Carvetiorum)

Magnis was a Roman fort on Hadrian's Wall in northern Britain. Its ruins are now known as Carvoran Roman Fort and are located near Carvoran, Northumberland, in northern England. It is thought to have been sited with reference to the Stanegate Roman road, before the building of Hadrian's Wall, to which it is not physically attached. In fact the Vallum ditch unusually goes north of the fort, separating it from the Wall.

Magnae Carvetiorum
Carvoran (Magna) Roman Fort - north boundary, and Corvoran Roman Army Museum - geograph.org.uk - 1374187.jpg
Magnis (Carvoran) is located in Northumberland
Magnis (Carvoran)
Location in Northumberland
Location
Coordinates54°59′06″N 2°31′28″W / 54.9849°N 2.5244°W / 54.9849; -2.5244Coordinates: 54°59′06″N 2°31′28″W / 54.9849°N 2.5244°W / 54.9849; -2.5244
Place nameCarvoran
CountyNorthumberland
CountryEngland
Reference
UK-OSNG referenceNY665656

The fort is now the site of the Roman Army Museum.

NameEdit

The fort at Carvoran is generally identified with the 'Magnis' which appears both in the Ravenna Cosmography and the Notitia Dignitatum.[1] Further evidence for the name comes from a fragmentary inscription (RIB 1825) apparently seen by William Hutchinson in 1766 but which is now lost, which referred to "numerus Magne<c>e(n)s(ium)" ("of the unit of Magn[...] ....").[2][3] The name could be a Latin nominative form Magni, or Magna,[4] and the fort is today sometimes referred to under the name "Magna".[2] The name is rather inappropriate for a relatively small fort,[5] and one suggestion is that it could ultimately derive from the Celtic word maen meaning "stone" or "rock".[6][7]

Roman fortEdit

Magnae was originally built to guard the junction of the Maiden Way with the Stanegate, the key supply route linking Coria (Corbridge) in the east to Luguvalium (Carlisle) in the west. As such it predates Hadrian's Wall. Its ruins are located at Carvoran in the civil parish of Greenhead in the English county of Northumberland. Magnae is one of 16 Roman forts along Hadrian's Wall; there were also 80 smaller milecastle forts and 158 turrets along its length. The Maiden Way ran south from Magnae to Bravoniacum (Kirkby Thore near Penrith). An intermediate fort half-way between the two on the Maiden Way was Whitley Castle or Epiacum, just north of Alston in Cumbria, though the fort itself is just over the county boundary in Northumberland.

ArchaeologyEdit

Artifacts recovered at Magnae include a 2-foot-long (0.61 m) iron spearhead, found at a depth of 36 feet (11 m) in a well, and the well-known modius, a bronze grain-measure.[8]

Roman Army MuseumEdit

Magnae is the location of the Roman Army Museum run by the Vindolanda Trust. Like the museum at Vindolanda, the Roman Army Museum was modernised and reopened in 2011. The museum illustrates frontier life on the northern edge of the Roman Empire. The museum displays genuine Roman artifacts including weapons and tools; life-size replicas; a 3D film showing Hadrian's Wall past and present, and a large timeline of Hadrian's Wall. There is a gallery devoted to the emperor Hadrian himself. A large gallery describes daily life in the Roman army as seen through the eyes of a team of eight auxiliary soldiers, complete with a film showing their activities. Notable exhibits include a rare surviving helmet crest.[9]

Further readingEdit

  • Birley, Robin (1998). The Fort at the Rock: On Hadrian's Wall: Magna and Carvoran. Vindolanda Trust. ISBN 978-1-873136-56-0.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Frere, S. S. (1987). Tabvla Imperii Romani: Britannia Septentrionalis. Oxford University Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-19-726059-3.
  2. ^ a b Taylor, David (2000). The Forts on Hadrian's Wall: A Comparative Analysis of the Form and Construction of Some Buildings. Archeopress. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-84171-076-1.
  3. ^ De la Bédoyère, Guy (1999). Companion to Roman Britain. Archeopress. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-7524-1457-7.
  4. ^ Bevan, James Oliver (1917). The towns of Roman Britain. Chapman & Hall.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Carvoran Roman fort and Hadrian's Wall and vallum (1010991)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  6. ^ McClure, Edmund (1910). British place-names in their historical setting. E.S. Gorham. p. 331.
  7. ^ Wilson, Roger John Anthony (2002). A guide to the Roman remains in Britain. Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-468680-9.
  8. ^ John Collingwood Bruce, The Roman wall, 1853
  9. ^ Birley, R. (2012). Vindolanda Guide: the home of Britain's finest treasures. Roman Army Museum Publications. pp. 2 and 43.

External linksEdit