Maghrebi Tabrizi

Mohammad Shirin Maghrebi Tabrizi, known as Shirin or Mullah Mohammad Shirin also known as Shams Maghrebi lived between years 1348 AD until 1406 AD (749-809 AH), is an Iranian poet and a Mystic and a Sufi of the second half of the eighth century AH.[1][2]

Mohammad Shirin Maghrebi Tabrizi
Tabriz poets tomb - 2007.jpg
  • Tabriz poets tomb
  • Abu Abdullah Shams al-Din Muhammad ibn Izz al-Din ibn Adel Yusuf al-Bazazini Tabrizi
Born
  • 1348 AD
  • 749 AH
Died
  • 1406 AD
  • 809 AH
Resting placeMaqbaratoshoara
Coordinates: 38°05′01.10″N 46°18′12.82″E / 38.0836389°N 46.3035611°E / 38.0836389; 46.3035611
NationalityIranian
Other namesMaghrebi Tabrizi, Shamse Maghrebi
OccupationPoet, Mystic
Known forMullah Mohammad Shirin Maghrebi Tabrizi
TermThe second half of the eighth century AH

The reason for his fame and nickname to the Maghrebi is considered by some to be his trip to the Morocco (called Maghreb in Persian) and wearing a cloak by one of Ibn Arabi's relatives.[1]

Maghrebi in his beliefs was a follower of Ismaeel Sisi[3][4] and was a good fellow of Noureddin Abdul Rahman Esfarayeni[5][6][7] and a companion of Kamal Khujandi.[8][9][10][11][12] In addition to Ismaeel Sisi, his other teachers are: Baha'uddin Hamedani, Mohiuddin Ibn Arabi, Sa'ad al-Din Tabrizi and Abdul Momen Saravi. Some have attributed him to the method of Suhrawardiyya or Marufieh.[13] Although some of his teachers were raised to be followers of the first tradition, his works indicate that he was strongly interested in the second tradition and the views of Ibn Arabi and his disciples.

According to Ibn Karbalaei, Shamsuddin Eqtabi and his son Abdul Rahim Khuluti Mashreqi were both Maghrebi Tabrizi's disciples.[14][1] In addition to Persian, poems in Arabic and Azeri Fahlavi have been obtained from him.[15][16] Most of these poems are mystical subjects, especially the unity of existence, the importance of conduct, closeness and the mystical state of the seeker.[17]

BookEdit

His book of poems is called Divan-e Shams-e Maghrebi.[18][1] Maghrebi poetry, especially his lyric poems, is in the field of coded mystical literature.[19] The Maghrebi book contains three thousand verses in the form of sonnets, Tarji'band and quatrains, most of which are mystical subjects, especially the unity of existence, the importance of conduct, closeness and the mystical nature of the seeker. With all the attention that Maghrebi pays to mysticism and monotheistic subjects, his poetry is devoid of excellent artistic appeal. Maghrebi poetry is an imitation of the works of the sixth and seventh centuries AH and is devoid of heartwarming innovative industries and new uses of Metaphor, Simile and other literary arrays.[17]

In addition to Divan, he has other book as well, such as: Asrar al-Fatihah,[9] Resaleye Jame Jahan Nama in commentary of Ibn Arabi's views,[20][18] and a selection of commentaries on the ode Ta'iyyah of Ibn al-Farid, Dorrol Farid Fi Marefati Maratebot Towhid in Persian with subject of monotheism and the verbs and attributes of truth,[21] Nazhatal Sasania,[22][23] Nasihat Nameh, Era'atal Daghaeq fi Sharhe Mar'atal Haqaeq.[24][17]

Sample poemEdit

The first and the last verses of the Divan-e Shams-e Maghrebi[25] were written out as follows:[26]

بیا در بحر با ما شو رها کن این من و ما را

Come to the sea with us, leave this 'I' and this 'We'

که تا دریا نگردی تو ندانی عین دریا را

You cannot find how the sea is, until you be same as the sea

Also:

در خانقه از بهر جهت می پویی

Whatever you search for in mosque

در وی همه ذکر ازین جهت میگویی

In there, you pray only for your reason

تا در جهتی ز بی جهت بی خبری

Until you try for your reason, unaware of eternal

بگذر ز جهت، چو بی جهت میجویی

Forget the reason if you search for eternal

DeathEdit

Shams-ud-Din Mohammad Maghrebi died in one of the years 809 to 810 AH in Sorkhab, West Azerbaijan and was buried in Baba Farid yard in Maqbaratoshoara, Tabriz, Iran.[27]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "دیوان شمس مغربی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Magiran _ نماد پردازی آفتاب در اشعار شمس مغربی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  3. ^ "بقعه تاریخی "شیخ اسماعیل سیسی" با مشارکت یک خیر در شبستر مرمت می_شود - ایرنا" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  4. ^ "گمنامی مقبره عارف نامی سیس در سایه غفلت مسئولان - خبرگزاری حوزه" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  5. ^ "شرح احوال و تحلیل اندیشه های عبدالرحمن اسفراینی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  6. ^ "زندگینامه نور الدین عبد الرحمن اسفراینى _ علماوعرفا" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Magiran _ "شرح احوال و تحلیل اندیشه های عبدالرحمن اسفراینی"" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  8. ^ "گنجور » کمال خجندی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b "زندگینامه شیخ کمال الدین مسعود خجندی(متوفی۷۹۳ه ق) _ علماوعرفا" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  10. ^ "کمال الدین مسعود کمال خجندی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  11. ^ "باغ، خانه و مقبره کمال خجندی در خجند - BBC News فارسی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  12. ^ جامی, عبدالرحمن. نفحات الانس من حضرات الانس. p. 610.
  13. ^ کربلایی, حافظ حسین. روضات الجنان و جنات اجنان. p. 69.
  14. ^ "مشرقی‌ تبریزی‌ - tabrizinfo.com" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  15. ^ Tafażżolī, Aḥmad (1956). "FAHLAVĪYĀT" A ḡazal and fourteen quatrains under the title of fahlavīyāt by Maḡrebī. Adīb Ṭūsī. pp. 63–255.
  16. ^ "FAHLAVĪYĀT – Encyclopaedia Iranica" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  17. ^ a b c مدرس تبریزی, محمدعلی. ریحانة الادب. 5. p. 355.
  18. ^ a b "دیوان شمس مغربی؛ معرفی گنجینه ای از موزه کتابخانه اختصاصی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Magiran _ روزنامه آفتاب یزد (1388_06_30)_ مفاهیم رمزی و عرفانی در اشعار شمس الدین محمد مغربی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  20. ^ "مفسران و شارحان مکتب عرفانی ابن عربی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  21. ^ "در الفريد في معرفة مراتب التوحيد" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  22. ^ "کتابخانه تخصصی ادبیات" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  23. ^ "تخریب مقبره عارف و شاعر نامدار تبریزی شمس مغربی + تصاویر" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  24. ^ "شرح حال و آثار محمد شیرین مغربی / لئونارد لویسُن" (PDF) (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  25. ^ "دانلود کتاب دیوان شمس مغربی" (in Persian). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  26. ^ Lewisohn, Leonard (16 January 2006). A Critical Edition of the Divan of Muhammad Shirin Maghribi - Leonard Lewisohn - Google Books (in Persian). ISBN 9781135752231. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  27. ^ کربلایی, حافظ حسین. روضات الجنان و جنات اجنان. p. 66.

External linksEdit