Madhava (or Madhava-kara) was a 7th-century or early 8th-century Indian Ayurveda practitioner who wrote the Rug-vinischaya, also known as the Madhava Nidana, which soon assumed a position of authority. In the 79 chapters of this book, he lists diseases along with their causes, symptoms, and complications. He also included a chapter on smallpox (masūrikā).[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Hopkins, Donald R. (2002). The Greatest Killer: Smallpox in History. p. 140. ISBN 9780226351681.
  2. ^ Nicholas, Ralph W. (2003). Fruits of Worship: Practical Religion in Bengal. Orient Blackswan. pp. 173–174. ISBN 9788180280061.
  3. ^ Rao, Ramachandra S.K. (2005). Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine: historical perspective, Volume 1 (2 ed.). Popular Prakashan. pp. 69–70. ISBN 9788171542550.