MS Oranje, later known as Angelina Lauro, was a Dutch passenger liner, a wartime hospital ship, and finally a cruise ship. The ship underwent 25 years' service as Oranje, and fifteen as Angelina Lauro. She was a cruise ship for the last seven years of her career. An extensive film of a cruise she made in 1954 exists in the London Cinema Museum archive.[3]

Oranje (AWM 302809).jpg
Oranje in August 1941, shortly after her conversion to a hospital ship
History
Name
  • Oranje (1939–1964)
  • Angelina Lauro (1965–1979)
Owner
Operator
  • Netherlands Lines (1939–1941)
  • Australian Government (WWII Service) (1941–1946)Flag of the Red Cross.png
  • Netherlands Lines (1947–1964)
  • Lauro Lines (1965–1977)
  • Costa Lines (Chartered 1977–1979)
Port of registry
BuilderNederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij,[1] Amsterdam, Netherlands
Yard number270[1]
Laid down2 July 1937[1]
Launched8 September 1938[1]
Completed15 July 1939[1]
Out of service30 March 1979
Identification
FateDestroyed by fire on 30 March 1979; sank on 24 September 1979
General characteristics
Tonnage
  • 24,377 GRT (after refit)
  • 20,017 GRT(originally)
Length
  • 672.4 ft (204.9 m) (after refit)
  • 656 ft (200 m) (originally)
Beam83.6 ft (25.5 m)
Decks8
Installed power3 × 12-cylinder Sulzer diesels 37,500 hp (28,000 kW) at 145 rpm
PropulsionTriple screw
Speed
  • 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) (service)
  • 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) (maximum)
Capacity
  • 740 passengers, original in 1939
  • 1,230 passengers, 1964 refit

In 1979, while the vessel was docked in a port at Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, a fire broke out in the crew area that spread to the passenger areas; and she was declared a total loss. She sank on her route to the scrapyard.

HistoryEdit

Early career and World War 2Edit

The MS Oranje was ordered by Netherland Line and was built in the Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij shipyard. The ship was ceremonially launched on 8 September 1938, On 15 July 1939, the finished ship was delivered to the Netherland Line and shortly afterward was used for the line's scheduled service from Amsterdam to Batavia (Jakarta). But when the ship arrived, World War II had begun, and she was laid up in Surabaya for the safety of the ship. In February 1941, the ship's captain was ordered to sail to Sydney and to hand over his ship to the Royal Australian Navy.[4] The Dutch government agreed with the Australian government that the Oranje would be converted into a hospital ship. Although she was under Australian command, she kept her Dutch crew and remained under the Dutch flag throughout the war.

Post War CareerEdit

From October 1946 to 1957, the ship returned to its original owners to resume passenger service. The Indonesian War of Independence and its nationalist course led to a decrease in passenger numbers. In February 1951, the Oranje made her first around the world cruise: from Amsterdam via the Panama Canal to Australia and New Zealand and back via Singapore and the Suez Canal to Amsterdam. Between 8 and 18 June 1951, she voyaged to Lisbon and Madeira with 650 passengers.[5]

Collision with Willem RuysEdit

On 6 January 1953, MS Oranje collided in the Red Sea with Willem Ruys, which was heading in the opposite direction. At that time, it was common for passenger ships to pass each other at close range to entertain their passengers. During the (later heavily criticized) abrupt and fast approach of Oranje, Willem Ruys made an unexpected swing to port, resulting in a collision. Oranje badly damaged her bow. As she might have been impounded for safety reasons, she was unable to call at Colombo as scheduled and went directly to Jakarta. Willem Ruys suffered less damage. There was no loss of life. Later, it was determined that miscommunication on both ships had caused the collision.[6] The ship's final voyage for Netherland Line was in 1964.

Lauro LinesEdit

On 4 September 1964, both she and the MS Willem Ruys were sold to an Italian company, Flotta Lauro Lines.[7] Oranje was then sent to Genoa for an extensive refit at the Cantieri Navali del Tirreno shipyards. On 6 March 1966 the Angelina Lauro departed on her maiden voyage from Bremerhaven to Fremantle, Melbourne and Sydney. In 1977 the ship was chartered by Costa Lines. However, in 1979 while in a pier at Saint Thomas, she caught fire, which burned in the ship's hull for days; and was declared a total loss. On 30 July 1979, the ship's burned hull was planned to be towed to a scrapyard at Kaohsiung. Then on 21 September 1979, the ship's weakened hull (which the fire had affected), began to fill with water. Three days later the Angelina Lauro sank in the mid-Pacific, on 24 September 1979.[8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Name ship: Oranje". Stichting Maritiem-Historische Databank. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  2. ^ Angelina Lauro
  3. ^ "Cinema Museum Home Movie Database".
  4. ^ "WWII Hospital Ship – MS Oranje".
  5. ^ "History of the MS Oranje". Archived from the original on 21 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Dutch passenger ships collide in Red Sea". Day when. 6 January 1953. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Flotta Lauro Lines MS Angelina Lauro".
  8. ^ "MS Angelina Lauro Fire".

External linksEdit