This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The M795 is designed to be a more lethal, longer range version of the M107. A welded band replaces the swaged rotating band of the M107, allowing the M795 to be fired with M119 or M203 propelling charges, increasing range by 6,000 meters. The explosive payload was also improved, as was the fragmentation pattern, giving 30% higher lethality.
The M795 is a 155mm high-fragmentation, steel(HF1)-body projectile filled with 10.8 kilograms (23.8 lb) of TNT and weighing approximately 47 kilograms (103 lb). The high-fragmentation steel body is encircled by a gilding metal rotating band, making it compatible with 3W through 8S (M3A1 through M203A1) zone propelling charges across all current 155mm howitzers. The projectile is packaged on a metal pallet with a shock-attenuating lifting plug and flexible rotating band cover. The M795 projectile is ballistically similar to the M483A1 family of cargo projectiles and may be used as a registration round for the M483A1 family. The M795 projectile provides an increased effectiveness against major ground force threats at greater ranges for anti-personnel and anti-materiel targets when compared to the old M107 projectile.
Course Correcting FuzeEdit
In mid-2005, United Defense demonstrated a cost-effective system to improve cannon artillery accuracy with the successful firing of inert M795 155mm projectiles equipped with a two-directional Course Correcting Fuze (CCF). United Defense developed this new system together with Bofors Defence, Rockwell Collins and BT Fuze Products.
The CCF is GPS-based so as to provide high accuracy. It can be employed on all types of U.S. 155mm and 105mm projectiles in the U.S. Field Artillery inventory.
United Defense successfully fired M795 rounds equipped with the CCF from an M109A6 Paladin to ranges of 14.5 kilometers at Yuma Proving Ground. Preliminary analysis from the demonstration confirmed United Defense's laboratory analysis and the projectiles equipped with the CCF achieved a precision error of less than 50 meters - three times more accurate than the control rounds.
Talley Defense Systems, Inc., has been selected for the development and fabrication of the upgraded M795E1 Propellant Grain and Igniter components. As the Army's M864 Base Burner Assembly development and production source, Talley delivered nearly one million production base burner assemblies.
An extended-range version of the M795 projectile is desirable. When fired from the M198 weapon system (39 caliber tube) with the M203A1 propelling charge, the maximum range would be between 26.5 km (threshold) and 28.5 km (objective). The maximum range when fired from a Crusader type system (52 caliber tube) would be 34 km (threshold) to 36 km (objective). Extending the range of the M795 HE projectile provides the ability to engage at an even greater distances and provides for a munitions which is compatible with current and developmental delivery systems and their associated propellants.
The US Army has identified a need to provide extended-range 155mm high explosive (HE) projectiles for both current and future artillery systems. Leveraging advanced ballistic design technology from two key stockpile projectiles, the 155mm M795E1 Extended Range High Explosive (HE) Base Burner Projectile will extend maximum range capability for the delivery of enhanced HE payload. Using the production M795 HE Projectile as a baseline, designers began optimizing ballistic configurations and incorporating an improved drag reduction system, based on the successful 155mm M864 Extended Range DPICM Base Burner Projectile. Designated the M795E1, this projectile will provide a significantly larger high explosive, high fragmentation warhead and improved lethality over the aging M549A1 HE Rocket Assisted Projectile, and will maintain an extended range capability to counter the longer range artillery threat of potential adversaries.
Although the current M795 offers extended range over the old M107 (22.5 km vs. 17.5 km), it falls short of the Army's other extended-range projectiles (28–30 km range). The currently approved M795 Operational Requirement Document (ORD) establishes the need for an extended-range version of the M795 to support anticipated warfighting scenarios.
- Range 22.5 km
- Weight as fired: 46.7 kg
- Explosive content:
- TNT: 10.8 kg with a charge liner OR IMX-101(IMX was adopted by the Army; Marines still use TNT)
- Body diameter: 154.89 mm
- Driving band diameter:
- Fuzes (with supplemental charge):
- Fuzes (without supplemental charge):
- Manufacturer: Chamberlain Manufacturing Corporation, Scranton Division, Scranton Army Ammunition Plant, Scranton, Pennsylvania, Mason & Hanger - Silas Mason Company, Day & Zimmerman, Parsons, Kan,
- CEP 50 Meters
- Range 28.7–37 km
- Jane's Ammunition Handbook 2003–2004