Luigi Barzini Sr.
Luigi Barzini Sr.
|Member of the Italian Senate|
28 April 1934 – 5 April 1945
|Born||February 7, 1874|
|Died||September 6, 1947 (aged 73)|
|Political party||National Fascist Party|
; her death
Born at Orvieto, Barzini started his career as a journalist in 1898, working for minor Italian magazines and was almost immediately noticed and hired by Luigi Albertini, then director of the Corriere della Sera, the most prestigious Italian newspaper. In 1900, he was sent as war correspondent to Qing Dynasty China, where he witnessed and reported about the Boxer Rebellion, distinguishing himself for his ability to get first hand information. During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, he was embedded within the Imperial Japanese Army, and covered its campaigns in Manchuria.
As a journalist of the Corriere della Sera, in 1907 he accompanied Prince Scipione Borghese in the famous Peking to Paris motor race, winning it after a journey of two months in an Itala car across China and Siberia, traveling amongst regions and people that had never seen a car before. Of this adventure, he left a wonderful memoir, filled with hundreds of photographs, in his book Peking to Paris, that was published in 1908 in eleven different languages: a "publishing raid", as his proud Italian editor noted in the preface of the book.
During World War I, Barzini was the official correspondent with the Italian Army; an account of his experiences was published in The War Illustrated. In 1921, Barzini left the Corriere della Sera and moved to the United States, where he directed the Italian-American newspaper Corriere d'America from 1923 until his return to Italy in 1931. In 1932 he became director of the Il Mattino, but in 1933 lost his position when Mussolini mistakenly thought him to be the author of a critical article appeared in the French press. The misunderstanding was soon cleared but Barzini had no further chances to direct a newspaper. After the nomination as senator, he continued to work as a correspondent for the Fascist newspaper Il Popolo d'Italia, covering the Spanish Civil War and the Russian Invasion.
Barzini and FascismEdit
Barzini had pro-Fascist sentiments since before Mussolini's rise to power. He signed his name on the Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals in 1925, and was made a senator in 1934, serving on the Commission of the Armed Forces (April 17, 1939 – February 11, 1941), the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Trade and Customs legislation (December 31, 1941 – February 12, 1943 and June 16 to August 5, 1943), Affairs Committee of Italian Africa (April 15, 1942 – June 16, 1943) and the Board of Finance (February 12 to June 16, 1943). He continued to collaborate with Mussolini in the Italian Social Republic, where he directed the official press agency Agenzia Stefani. In 1945, he was convicted for his involvement in the Fascist regime and forbidden to practice the profession of journalist.
Death and familyEdit
Barzini died destitute in Milan in 1947. His son Luigi Barzini, Jr. was also a journalist and writer. His other son Ettore, after joining the Italian resistance movement, was arrested in 1943 and deported to a concentration camp in Germany where he died in 1945, despite his father's efforts to save his life.
- Nell'Estremo Oriente. Milano, Libreria Editrice Nazionale, 1904
- Il Giappone in armi. Milano, Libreria Editrice Lombarda, 1906
- Guerra Russo-Giapponese. La battaglia di Mukden, 1907
- La metà del mondo vista da un automobile – da Pechino a Parigi in 60 giorni, prima edizione. Milano, Ulrico Hoepli Editore, 1908
- Scene della grande guerra, 1915
- Al Fronte, 1915
- La guerra d'Italia. Sui monti, nel cielo e nel mare, 1916
- La guerra d'Italia. Dal Trentino al Carso, 1917
- Impressioni boreali, 1921
- Dall'impero del Mikado all'impero dello Zar, 1935
- Sotto la tenda, 1935
- U.R.S.S. L'impero del lavoro forzato, Ulrico Hoepli Editore, 1938
- Evasione in Mongolia, 1939
- Wu Wang ed altre genti, 1941
- Roosevelt e la guerra all'Inghilterra. Commenti e spiegazioni, Mondadori, 1942
- Sarti, Italy: a reference guide from the Renaissance to the present, p. 142
- Sarti, Roland (ed.) (2004). Italy: a reference guide from the Renaissance to the present, Infobase Publishing, ISBN 0-8160-4522-4