Lower Beechmont, Queensland

Lower Beechmont is a locality in the City of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.[2] It is situated in the Gold Coast hinterland. In the 2016 census, Lower Beechmont had a population of 1,046 people.[1]

Lower Beechmont
Queensland
Lower Beechmont is located in Queensland
Lower Beechmont
Lower Beechmont
Location in Queensland
Coordinates28°02′49″S 153°14′49″E / 28.047°S 153.247°E / -28.047; 153.247Coordinates: 28°02′49″S 153°14′49″E / 28.047°S 153.247°E / -28.047; 153.247
Population1,046 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density63.39/km2 (164.2/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4211
Elevation435 m (1,427 ft)
Area16.5 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)City of Gold Coast
State electorate(s)Mudgeeraba
Federal Division(s)Wright
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
36.8 °C
98 °F
5.8 °C
42 °F
1,637 mm
64.4 in
Localities around Lower Beechmont:
Witheren Clagiraba Advancetown
Witheren Lower Beechmont Advancetown
Beechmont Beechmont Advancetown

GeographyEdit

Lower Beechmont is situated on the northern extent of the Lamington Plateau formed by the Lismore/Beechmont Basalt flow from the Tweed Volcano, a large shield volcano. Beechmont Range, a prominent spur of the McPherson Range which runs through the locality roughly north to south, was created by the erosion of the volcanic shield by the Nerang and Coomera Rivers,[3] and forms the divide between the north and south catchment areas of the Gold Coast.[4]

Beechmont Road runs along the ridge of the range with housing on or close to the road to access the views. There is little development on the steep mountain sides. The locality is bordered by the Canungra Military Area to the west, Advancetown Lake catchment reserve to the south-east, and Lower Beechmont Conservation Area to the north.[5]

Originally settled as farmland, the area has transformed in recent years to become a dormitory suburb of the Gold Coast as the city has grown westwards. Local government planning restrictions limit the area to low density housing in order to preserve the bush backdrop of the city.[6]

Indigenous InhabitantsEdit

Lower Beechmont falls within the Yugambeh language region which stretches from the Logan River at Beenleigh, west to Beaudesert and south to the Tweed River. The Yugambeh people are the traditional owners of this area and have had a connection to the land for over 24,000 years. It is believed the area has been inhabited at least 6,500 years prior to European settlement by the Wanggeriburra clan, one of many Yugambeh family groups from the region encompassing the Lamington Plateau, Beechmont, Mundoolun and Tabragalba. Along with the Kombumerri clan, they traveled across the mountains of the Beechmont Range during migrations to and from coastal and inland areas.[7]

HistoryEdit

Settlement of the area started around 1860 with timber getters coming in search of valuable rainforest timbers such as Red Cedar and White Beech trees. The first permanent settlers arrived in 1889 with the establishment of the dairy farming and banana growing.[7][8]

Lower Beechmont State School was founded in 1922 and continued operating until 1967, when it closed due to continuing low student numbers.[9]

Lower Beechmont Conservation AreaEdit

The Lower Beechmont Conservation Area is one of the largest conservation areas managed by the Gold Coast City Council. Covering 775 hectares, it is part of the habitat corridor between Canungra and Coombabah and is a critical link between Mount Tamborine and Springbrook.[10]

The area was purchased using the Open Space Preservation Levy paid by Gold Coast ratepayers and forms an important piece of the green backdrop of the city.[11] Fauna surveys have revealed the presence of 257 species, including twenty species listed as threatened under State or Commonwealth legislation.[12]

The lookout off the end of Freemans Road offers views across the city and out to sea. On clear days it is possible to see out over Moreton Bay and glimpse the buildings of Brisbane.

DemographicsEdit

In the 2016 census, Lower Beechmont recorded a population of 1,046 people, 49.9% female and 50.1% male.[1]

The median age of the Lower Beechmont population was 42 years, 4 years above the national median of 38. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 17.4% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.9% of the population.[1]

69% of people living in Lower Beechmont were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 8.2%, New Zealand 6.4%, South Africa 1.4%, Scotland 1.1% and Germany 1.1%.[1]

91% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were German 1.5%, Afrikaans 0.3%, Italian 0.3%, Slovak 0.3% and Japanese 0.3%.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lower Beechmont (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018.  
  2. ^ "Lower Beechmont - locality in City of Gold Coast (entry 46058)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  3. ^ "The Creation of the Tweed Volcano in Australia, and subsequent erosion caldera". Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  4. ^ Depatment of Environment and Science. "Coomera & Nerang Rivers drainage sub-basin". WetlandInfo. Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 11 April 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  6. ^ "City Plan". Gold Coast City Council. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  7. ^ a b Longhurst, Robert (1992), Taming of a plateau : a history of the Beechmont district, Beechmont Centenary Association, ISBN 978-0-646-12353-0
  8. ^ Longhurst, Robert; Albert (Qld.). Council (1994), Nerang shire : a history to 1949, Albert Shire Council, ISBN 978-0-646-20287-7
  9. ^ A Mountain of Knowledge: A collection of memories from 100 years of education at Beech Mountain, Lower Beechmont and Beechmont State Schools
  10. ^ "Lower Beechmont Conservation Area". Gold Coast City Council. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Open Space Preservation Levy Land Acquisition Policy". Gold Coast City Council. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Lower Beechmont-Mount Nathan Conservation Reserves" (PDF). Gold Coast City Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.

External linksEdit