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Louis Juchault de Lamoricière

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General Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière.
Cenotaph of Lamoricière in the Nantes cathedral.

Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière (5 September 1806 – 11 September 1865) was a French general.

LifeEdit

Lamoricière was born in Nantes. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole d'Application. He was commissioned a sub-lieutenant in the Engineers in 1828. He served in the Algerian campaigns from 1830 onwards, being made a captain of Zouaves.[1]

By 1840, Lamoricière had risen to the grade of maréchal-de-camp (major-general). Three years later he was made a general of division. He was one of the most distinguished and efficient of Bugeaud's generals, rendering special service at Isly (14 August 1844). He acted temporarily as governor-general of Algeria, and finally effected the capture of Abd-el-Kader in 1847.[2]

Lamoricière played a part in the political events of 1848, both as a member of the Chamber of Deputies and as a military commander. Under the regime of General Cavaignac he was for a time minister of war (28 June – 20 December 1848). From 1848 to 1851 Lamoricière was one of the most conspicuous opponents of the policies of Louis Napoleon, and following the coup d'état of 2 December 1851 he was arrested and exiled.[2]

Lamoricière refused to give his allegiance to the new Emperor Napoleon III. In 1860 he accepted command of the papal army, which he led in the Italian campaign of 1860.[1] On 18 September that year, he was severely defeated by the Italian army at Castelfidardo.[2]

His last years were spent in complete retirement in France where he had been allowed to return in 1857. He died at Prouzel (Somme) in 1865.[2]

His tomb at Nantes Cathedral, designed by Paul Dubois, was completed in 1875.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Delamarre 1913.
  2. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911, p. 131.
  3. ^ Harpers Magazine. 76. Harper's Magazine Co. 1888. p. 246.
Attribution

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
Minister of War
28 June 1848 – 20 December 1848
Succeeded by
Joseph Marcellin Rulhières