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Louis Archinard (11 February 1850 – 8 May 1932) was a French Army general at the time of the Third Republic, who contributed to the colonial conquest of French West Africa. He was traditionally presented in French histories as the conqueror and "Pacifier" of French Soudan (today Mali). Archinard's campaigns brought about the end of the Tukulor Empire. He also spent a large amount of energy fighting Samory Toure. In 1897 Archinard was reassigned to French Indochina.

Louis Archinard
Louis Archinard.jpg
General Archinard
Born (1850-02-11)11 February 1850
Le Havre, France
Died 8 May 1932(1932-05-08) (aged 82)
Villiers-le-Bel, France
Allegiance France
Service/branch French Army
Years of service 1870-1915
Rank General de division
Commands held 32nd Infantry Division

In World War I, he commanded in August 1914 the 1er Group of Reserve Divisions, and in 1917-1918 the Polish Legion in France.



  • E. Réquin, Archinard et le Soudan, Éditions Berger-Levrault, 1946
  • Martine Cuttier, Portrait du colonialisme triomphant - Louis Archinard 1850-1932, Éditions Lavauzelle, 2006 - ISBN 2-7025-1297-6
  • A. S. Kanya-Forstner, The Conquest of the Western Sudan (Cambridge University Press, 1969). Chapter VII. The `Total Conquest' of the Sudan, 1888-93.
  • O'Toole, Thomas E., Historical Dictionary of Guinea, (Metuchen, New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press, 1987) p. 18

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