Lord Bernard Stewart

Lord Bernard Stewart (right), pictured with his elder brother Lord John Stewart (1621-1644). Lord John Stuart and his Brother, Lord Bernard Stuart, c. 1638, by Sir Anthony van Dyck. Both were killed during the Civil War, John in 1644 aged 23 and Bernard in 1645 aged 22

Lord Bernard Stewart (1623 – 26 September 1645) was a Franco-Scottish nobleman and a third cousin of King Charles I of England, both being descended in the male line from John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox.[1] He served as a Royalist commander in the English Civil War, during which he was killed aged 22 and unmarried.

OriginsEdit

He was the youngest of the five sons of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox (1579-1624) by his wife Katherine Clifton, 2nd Baroness Clifton. His eldest brother was James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox.[2]

CareerEdit

Lord Bernard was to be created Earl of Lichfield by King Charles I for his actions at the first and second Battles of Newbury and at the Battle of Naseby but he died of injuries received leading a sortie against besieging Parliamentary forces in the Battle of Rowton Heath in September 1645, before the requisite letters patent were drawn up. The titles of Baron Newbury and Earl of Lichfield were instead created in December 1645 for his six-year-old nephew, Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox (1639–1672), the son of Bernard's elder brother George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny, killed at the Battle of Edgehill in 1642.[2] His elder brother Lord John Stewart (1621-1644) was also killed during the Civil War.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox was the paternal grandfather of Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, father of King James I of England, father of King Charles I
  2. ^ a b Money 1881, pp. 187–188

ReferencesEdit

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lennox" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 419–420.
  • Money, Walter (1881). The First and Second Battles of Newbury and the Siege of Donnington Castle During the Civil War, A.D. 1643-6. Simpkin, Marshall and co. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  • "Commentary on the portrait by Van Dyck". National Portrait Gallery. Archived from the original on 7 May 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  • "Burke's Peerage & Gentry, 107th edition".