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Long Binh Post (Tổng kho Long Bình) is a former U.S. Army base located in Long Bình ward between Biên Hòa and Saigon, Vietnam.

Long Binh Post
Long Bình ward
NARA 111-CCV-21-CC47028 Long Binh Post aerial view 1967.jpg
Long Binh Post in October 1967
Coordinates10°56′26″N 106°54′03″E / 10.940518°N 106.900892°E / 10.940518; 106.900892 (Long Binh Post)
TypeArmy Base
Site information
ConditionSeized in April 1975 by the PAVN, now an industrial/techno-park
Site history
Builtcirca 1965
In use1965–1975
Battles/warsVietnam Service Medal ribbon.svg
Vietnam War
Garrison information
OccupantsUnited States Army Vietnam (USARV)
1st Logistical Command
II Field Force
1st Aviation Brigade
18th Military Police Brigade
199th Light Infantry Brigade
44th Medical Brigade
24th Evacuation Hospital
93rd Evacuation Hospital
Sanford Army Airfield
Summary
Elevation AMSL120 ft / 37 m
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
3,200 975 Asphalt

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The U.S. Army Republic of Vietnam (USARV) Headquarters building at Long Binh during the Vietnam War.[1]
 
Barracks for the enlisted men working at USARV Headquarters
 
Movie theater (behind reenlistment office) for USARV Headquarters staff
 
Swimming pool for USARV Headquarters staff
 
Long Binh Post 1972

Long Binh Post was located on the east of Đồng Nai river, 20 km northeast from Saigon (now called Hồ Chí Minh City).[2] The base functioned as a U.S. Army base, logistics center, and major command headquarters for United States Army Vietnam (USARV). Long Binh Post was 7 km southeast from Biên Hòa Air Base.[2]:301 Long Binh Post was also unofficially known as "Long Binh Junction, influenced by the widely used initials of then-President Lyndon B. Johnson.

By mid-1967, United States Army, Vietnam (USARV), 1st Logistical Command and many other Army units dispersed in Saigon were moved to Long Binh Post to resolve centralization, security, and troop billeting issues. Long Binh Post was a sprawling logistics facility and the largest U.S. Army base in Vietnam, with a peak of 60,000 personnel in 1969.[3]

The Viet Cong attacked the Long Binh ammunition supply point on 4 February 1967 destroying at least 15,000 high explosive 155 mm artillery projectiles.[4] The base was attacked again during the Tet Offensive as well as 1969.[5]

Major unitsEdit

The II Field Force, 18th Military Police Brigade, 199th Light Infantry Brigade, 44th Medical Brigade and the 93rd and 24th Evacuation Hospitals were located on Long Binh Post. Logistics was provided by the 266th Supply and Service Battalion which provided graves registration; clothing and equipment; petroleum, oil, and lubricants (POL); and construction supplies for the III Corps Area in Vietnam. Another unit was the 90th Replacement Battalion, a first stop for newly arrived U.S. Army enlisted personnel, who were then permanently assigned to other units in Vietnam.[6] Long Binh Post included the Long Binh Stockade, a U.S. Army prison, from 1966 to the 1970s also known unofficially as "LBJ" or "Long Binh Jail"[2]:5–301

The 1st Aviation Brigade was headquartered at Sanford Army Airfield (10°54′54″N 106°53′38″E / 10.915°N 106.894°E / 10.915; 106.894) on the post.[2]:5–458

Post facilitiesEdit

Long Binh Post had dental clinics, large restaurants, snack bars, a Special Services Crafts Shop, that provided crafts, photo lab, wood shop, lapidary, leather crafting and silver/gold casting classes. Post Exchanges, swimming pools, basketball and tennis courts, a golf driving range, University of Maryland extension classes, a bowling alley, many nightclubs (officer, NCO, enlisted) with live music, a Chase Manhattan Bank branch, laundry services, and a massage parlor. The base and its facilities were handed over to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam on 11 November 1972.[1]

Post Vietnam WarEdit

The area formerly occupied by the Long Binh post is now Long Bình ward, which as of 2008 is largely given over to industrial use, known as Long Binh Techno Park and a shopping complex.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Long Binh base turned over to South Vietnam — History.com This Day in History — 11/11/1972
  2. ^ a b c d Kelley, Michael P. (2002). Where We Were in Vietnam. Hellgate Press, Central Point, Oregon. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-55571-625-7.
  3. ^ LONG BINH – Largest American Base in Vietnam – a photo on Flickriver
  4. ^ EOD in Vietnam 1966–1967, Photo Album
  5. ^ Pike, Thomas (2016). Operations & Intelligence, III Corps Reporting: Tet 1969. pp. 104–7. ISBN 9781534799035.
  6. ^ Stanton, Shelby (1987). Vietnam Order of Battle. Galahad Books, New York City. p. 197. ISBN 9780671081591.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit