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Not to be confused with the Lobanov-Rostovsky House at 43, Myasnitskaya Street, Moscow.

Coordinates: 59°56′05″N 30°18′29″E / 59.93472°N 30.30806°E / 59.93472; 30.30806

The building in September 2013
The Medici lions at the main entrance, illustrated by Alexandre Benois around 1900
The building around 1890–1900

Lobanov-Rostovsky Palace, also known as the Lobanov-Rostovsky Residence, is a historic building at 12 Admiralteysky Avenue in Saint Petersburg, Russia, constructed in 1817-1820 for Prince Alexander Yakovlevich Lobanov-Rostovsky.[1] The building now houses a luxury hotel in the Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts chain, under the name of Four Seasons Hotel Lion Palace,[2] referring to the two Medici lions at the main entrance.

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ArchitectureEdit

The Neoclassical or Empire style building is an early work of the architect Auguste de Montferrand.[1] The triangular building faces Admiralty Garden, Voznesensky Avenue and Saint Isaac's Square.

The main entrance, on the Admiralteisky Avenue, has an eight-column portico facing the Admiralty building, and its porch is guarded by white marble Medici lions by sculptor Paolo Triscorni on granite pedestals.[1][3] Triscorni's sculptures were made famous by Pushkin in his last long poem, The Bronze Horseman.[4]

HistoryEdit

In 1824, the mezzanine and the first floor of the residence[1] were rented to the Ministry of War of the Russian Empire for 63,000 roubles a year. On 23 June 1828, the entire building was bought by the State Treasury for one million roubles, and in 1829-1830, it was renovated to meet the Ministry's needs. It housed the principal establishments of the Ministry until its dissolution in 1918.

After October 1917, there was a Military-Political Academy, aeronautical museum and dormitory located in the building. From 1946, Project Institute no. 1, the head organisation for designing industrial buildings and complexes, was located here.[1]

In 2009, a project to renovate the building for the Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts chain started,[5] which was originally scheduled to open in 2011, then postponed to early 2012 and later to mid-2013.[6] The project was subsequently completed, and the hotel began operating as the Four Seasons Hotel Lion Palace.[7]

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