Living Legends, originally the Lamanite Generation, is a song and dance performing group at Brigham Young University made up of performers of Native American, Polynesian and Hispanic or Latino origin. They perform dances that originate in these cultures as well.[1] Living Legends was formed in 1971 by Janie Thompson.

History edit

Living Legends originally started as the Lamanite Generation which was an all-Native American performing group organized by Janie Thompson. The organization was first formed in 1971 and their first tour was across Indian reservations. They toured the Eastern United States in 1974 and they toured in Central and South American the following year.[2]: 160  Thompson stated that the 1975 tour was, "the most significant tour in [her] entire career", because it impacted and influenced Native Americans south of the United States.[2]: 373  Living Legends has performed around the world including China and the 1992 International Expo in Seville, Spain.[3][4][5]

In the 1970s, the group was noted for its closing song at most performances "Go My Son", written by Arliene Nofchissey and Carnes Burson.[6][7] The song encourages Native Americans to receive an education.[7] This idea comes from the Navajo chief Manuelito who urged Native Americans to obtain an education. Native communities did not always see this message from the Lamanite Generation positively.[8]

The transition to its current name was a long drawn out process. For example, in 1991 they still were using the name "Lamanite Generation" but performed a program entitled "Living Legends".[9] Professor and historian Jared Farmer considers that BYU may have changed the name of the group to "Living Legends" to avoid racism associated with the word "Lamanite".[7]

Tour history edit

This tour history begins in 1971 and ends in 2019.[10]

  • 1971–72 Florida, Southern California, Idaho, Wyoming, Washington, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
  • 1972–73 Southern California, Arizona, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming, Alberta, Saskatchewan
  • 1973–74 Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Mississippi, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, Germany
  • 1974–75 Alberta, Saskatchewan, Oklahoma, British Columbia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • 1975–76 Ohio, Nevada, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington D.C., Ontario, Quebec
  • 1976–77 Arizona, Southern California, Nevada, Idaho, Washington, Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, Canada
  • 1977–78 Colorado, Arizona, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland
  • 1978–79 Nevada, Wyoming, Montana, Alberta, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma
  • 1979–80 Southern California, Nevada, Romania, Hungary, Poland
  • 1980–81 Arizona, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Washington, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan
  • 1981–82 Arizona, Northern California, Nevada, People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, Philippines, Taiwan, Hawaii
  • 1982–83 New Mexico, Arizona, North Dakota, South Dakota, England, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark
  • 1984–85 Wyoming, Montana, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Mexico
  • 1985–86 Arizona, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Hawaii
  • 1986–87 California, Oregon, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Florida
  • 1987–88 New Mexico, German Democratic Republic, Federal Republic of Germany
  • 1988–89 Southern California, Nevada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Germany
  • 1989–90 Northern California, Nevada, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Idaho, Minnesota, Washington
  • 1990–91 Arizona, Croatia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Germany
  • 1991–92 Idaho, Oregon, Washington, People's Republic of China, Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan
  • 1992–93 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Texas
  • 1993–94 New Mexico, Texas, Illinois, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Wyoming
  • 1994–95 California, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia, Austria
  • 1995–96 Nevada, California, Austria, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Slovenia
  • 1996–97 Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Tahiti, Western Samoa, Cook Islands, New Zealand, Hawaii
  • 1997–98 Arizona, Missouri, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Ontario, Quebec
  • 1998–99 Nevada, California, Denmark, Norway, Sweden
  • 1999–2000 Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
  • 2000–01 Nevada, California, South Dakota, North Dakota, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan
  • 2001–02 Alaska
  • 2002–03 New Mexico
  • 2003–04 Alaska, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, South Africa
  • 2004–05 Arizona, Nevada, California, Mexico
  • 2005–06 Wyoming, Montana, Germany, Austria
  • 2006–07 Alaska, Nevada, California, South Dakota, Iowa, North Dakota, Canada
  • 2007–08 Colorado, Wyoming, Chile
  • 2008–09 Arizona, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  • 2009–10 China, Utah
  • 2010–11 Russia, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Alaska
  • 2011–12 Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nauvoo, Illinois
  • 2012–13 Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
  • 2013–14 California, Nevada, Nauvoo, Illinois
  • 2014–15 New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Canada, Alaska
  • 2015–16 New Zealand, Tonga, Samoa
  • 2016–17 Idaho, Washington, Oregon
  • 2017–18 Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Iowa, South Dakota, Nebraska[11]
  • 2018–19 Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Germany, Switzerland, Brazil[12][13][14]

Recording edit

  • Go My Son (album)[15]

References edit

  1. ^ "Lamanite Generation". Clovis News-Journal. May 14, 1976. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Wilkinson, Ernest L.; Arrington, Leonard J.; Hafen, Bruce C., eds. (1976). Brigham Young University: The First Hundred Years (4 ed.). Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press. ISBN 978-0842507080. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  3. ^ Hudman, Lloyd E. (1990). "Student International Travel". Tourism Recreational Research. 15 (2): 43. doi:10.1080/02508281.1990.11014583.
  4. ^ Oaks, Dallin H. (1991). Getting to Know China (PDF). Brigham Young University Speeches. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  5. ^ Winters, Charlene (August 2, 1992). "BYU's 'Living Legends' spotlight the Americas". Daily Herald. Utah. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  6. ^ McAllester, David P. (Fall 1981). "New Perspectives in Native American Music". Perspectives of New Music. 20 (1/2): 439. doi:10.2307/942422. JSTOR 942422.
  7. ^ a b c Farmer, Jared (2008). On Zion's Mount: Mormons, Indians, and the American Landscape. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 368–369. ISBN 9780674027671. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Garrett, Matthew (October 29, 2018). "Disentangling binaries and the rise of Lamanite studies". Religion Compass. 12 (11): e12289. doi:10.1111/rec3.12289. S2CID 149771746.
  9. ^ "Lamanite Generation to Perform 'Living Legends'". Deseret News. January 6, 1991. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "Living Legends Tour History 2016–2017" (PDF). Performing Arts Management. Brigham Young University. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  11. ^ Owusu, Leslie (October 20, 2017). "Living Legends Visits Nine States During Spring Tour". Department of Dance. Brigham Young University. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  12. ^ "Living Legends to perform at Adams State". Alamosa News. January 27, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  13. ^ "Living Legends Tours Germany and Switzerland". Brigham Young University. College of Fine Arts and Communications. August 23, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  14. ^ "Upcoming Shows". Performing Arts Management. Brigham Young University. Retrieved March 13, 2019.[dead link]
  15. ^ "Go My Son [CD] – BYU Living Legends". BYU Music Store. Brigham Young University. Retrieved March 13, 2019.

External links edit