Liuchow Kwangsi Type 3

The Liuchow Kwangsi Type 3 was a Chinese fighter prototype prior to the Second World War.

Liuchow Kwangsi Type 3
Role Fighter
National origin Republic of China
Manufacturer Liuchow Mechanical and Aircraft Factory
Designer Chee Wing Jeang
First flight 1937
Number built 1

Development Edit

Developed by Chee Wing Jeang,[a] the Type 3 was a single-seat fighter biplane, the prototype of which was produced by Liuchow Mechanical and Aircraft Factory. It was of mixed construction with spruce and plywood wooden wings, welded steel tube fuselage and covered in fabric and plywood skinning. It was armed with one 7.7mm synchronised machine gun.[2]

Operational history Edit

The prototype was flown for the first time in July 1937. The poor performance of the aircraft resulted in no further development being carried out,[2] although the prototype was delivered to the 32nd Squadron of the Chinese Air Force.[1]

Operators Edit


Specifications Edit

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.25 m (20 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.00 m (26 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.50 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 760 kg (1,676 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,043 kg (2,299 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IIA 7 cylinder radial engine , 190 kW (260 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 283 km/h (176 mph, 153 kn)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Time to altitude: 5 min to 5,200 m (17,100 ft)


  • 1 x 7.7 mm machine gun

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Also written as Chu Jeng-chang[1]
  1. ^ a b Andersson 2008, p. 240.
  2. ^ a b c Green & Swanborough 1994, p. 340.
  • Andersson, Lennart (2008). A History of Chinese Aviation: Encyclopedia of Aircraft and Aviation in China until 1949. Taipei, Republic of China: AHS of ROC. ISBN 978-957-28533-3-7.
  • Green, William; Swanborough, Gordon (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters: An illustrated encyclopedia of every fighter aircraft built and flown. New York: Smithmark Publishers. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.

Further reading Edit

  • Anatoly Demin (2008). The Aviation of our Great Neighbour, vol. 1, At the origins of Chinese aviation [Авиация Великого соседа. Книга 1. У истоков китайской авиации] (in Russian). Moskov, Russia: Russkiye Vityazi. p. 544. ISBN 978-5-903389-15-5. (in Russian)